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Astronomical Info / 天文資訊 > Special Events / 特別項目 > Annular Solar Eclipse of January 15th, 2010 | 2010 年 1 月 15 日之日環食 [Refresh 更新]

Quick info 快速資訊: Eclipse time at Hong Kong 香港可見日食時間 : 2010/01/15 15:32 - 18:00 HKT

Quick links 快速連結:
- Live webcast 網上直播 - Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料
- Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況 - Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況
- Future solar eclipses 未來日食 - Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答
- Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機
Live webcast (Eclipse ended) 網上直播 (已結束)

Please click on the links below for live webcast. All links redirect you to external websites and open in new windows. Additional links may be added during the eclipse. 請按下列連結以觀看網上直播。所有連結連至第三者網站並以新視窗開啟,而日食進行期間我們可能會增添直播連結。

Provider 提供者 Notes 備註 (All times in HKT 所有時間為香港時間)
- HK Observatory & HK Space Museum 香港天文台及香港太空館

Location 地點 : Hong Kong 香港
Partial starts 偏食開始 15:32; Greatest eclipse 食甚 16:54; Sunset 日落 18:00

No annular eclipse will take place at this location. 此地點將不會出現日環食

- skylk.com

Location 地點 : Jaffna, Sri Lanka 賈夫納 (斯里蘭卡)
Partial starts 偏食開始 13:47; Annular starts 環食開始 15:49; Greatest eclipse 食甚 15:54; Annular ends 環食結束 15:59; Partial ends 偏食結束 17:41

Annular eclipse lasts for 10 minutes 10 seconds. 環食時間達 10 分 10 秒

- UStream

Location 地點 : Bangalore, India 班加羅爾 (印度)
Partial starts 偏食開始 13:46; Greatest eclipse 食甚 15:53; Partial ends 偏食結束 17:41

No annular eclipse will take place at this location. Maximum magnitude: 0.845
此地點將不會出現日環食。最高食分 : 0.845

- Sichuan Television 四川電視台 (Channel 4 第四台)

Broadcast time 直播時間:14:55 - 17:00

- Sina.com 新浪網

Eclipse in China 於中國直播

- 163.com 網易網

Eclipse in China 於中國直播

Eclipse Simulation [Trial] 日食模擬 [試驗版]
- Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

This simulation, provided by HKWW, presents to you the local conditions at cities in the eclipse zone during the eclipse. The page is set to refresh once every ten minutes but images are redrawn minute-by-minute. Press F5 to refresh your screen manually.

該日食模擬由本站提供,顯示全球可見日食地區的太陽 / 月球之相對位置。該頁每 10 分鐘重新整理一次,但圖像則於每分鐘更新;請按 F5 鍵以手動重新整理頁面。

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Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料

An annular eclipse will be visible along a narrow path in the northern hemisphere on January 15th, 2010. The lunar antumbral shadow will touch down on Earth in central Africa just north of the equator at about 05:20 UTC, traversing the continent in a ESE direction. The Moon's antumbra will reach the Indian Ocean at about 05:40 UTC, where the path starts to turn E and then NE. The greatest eclipse will occur at 07:06 UTC, before the shadow touches southern India. After a journey in the Bay of Bengal from 08:00 to 08:30 UTC, the antumbra makes landfall in Myanmar and then enters China at about 08:40 UTC. Some parts in central China will be able to see this annular event, with the antumbra leaving Earth near sunset at Qingdao at about 08:55 UTC, just before it can reach Yantai.

Due to the relatively large difference between the angular sizes of the Sun and the Moon, this annular eclipse is of significant length; at the point of greatest eclipse, the annular phase will last for 11 minutes and 7 seconds, making it the longest annular eclipse of the century (and for the coming millennium as well).

It is also worth noting that an earlier eclipse of the same Saros (141) in 1955 yielded an annular eclipse in Hong Kong, though not the whole territory could have a glimpse of it. That annular eclipse had a maximum duration of 12 minutes and 9 seconds at its climax, the longest in almost two thousand years.

在 2010 年 1 月 15 日,非洲中部和亞洲中南部將可看到一次日環食。月球的偽本影將於當天約 05:20 UTC 首次接觸地球,非洲中部將可首先看到日環食。偽本影繼而向東南偏東移動並於約 05:40 UTC 進入印度洋。環食帶將於那裡轉向東北方向移動;最大食將於 07:06 UTC 發生。其後環食帶將到達印度南部,並在約 08:00 UTC 進入孟加拉灣。緬甸部分地區將可於 08:30 UTC 看到環食,而偽本影於緬甸短暫停留後將於 08:40 UTC 進入中國大陸。青島為最後看到環食的大城市;偽本影將於 08:55 UTC 隨中國東部日落而離開地球,煙台和威海市則與本次日環食緣慳一面。

由於是次日食中月球的視直徑比太陽的視直徑明顯細小,環食將維持較長時間。於最大食地點,環食時間為 11 分 7 秒,是本世紀 (亦為本千年) 最長的一次日環食。

值得留意的是於 1955 年香港部分地區曾可見日環食,該日食同屬沙羅序列 141 號。該次日食於最大食地點之環食時間達 12 分 9 秒,為近二千年來最長的環食。



The following shows some general details about the eclipse:

下表列出是次日食的一般性資料 :

Eclipse series and characteristics
日食序列和特徵
Saros series number 沙羅序列號碼 141 (occurring at Moon's ascending node 升交點日食)
Member in the series 序列中次數 23 out of 70 | 70 次中的第 23 次
Gamma 伽馬數 0.4003 earth radii 地球半徑
Event
事件
Time in UTC/HKT (for 2010/01/15 unless stated otherwise)
世界協調時 / 香港時間 (除非特別注明,時間均在 2010 年 1 月 15 日)
P1 - Penumbral cone starts to strike Earth (partial eclipse on Earth starts)
P1 - 半影區到達地球 (日偏食開始)
04:25:26 / 12:25:26
U1 - Antumbra starts to strike Earth (annular eclipse on Earth starts)
U1 - 偽本影區到達地球 (日環食開始)
05:13:54 / 13:13:54

U2 - Antumbra fully strikes Earth
U2 - 整個偽本影區到達地球

05:21:15 / 13:21:15
P2 - Penumbral cone fully strikes Earth
P2 - 整個半影區到達地球
06:50:07 / 14:50:07
P3 - Penumbral cone starts to leave Earth
P3 - 半影區開始離開地球
07:22:33 / 15:22:33

U3 - Antumbra starts to leave Earth
U3 - 偽本影區開始離開地球

08:51:37 / 16:51:37
U4 - Antumbra fully leaves Earth (annular eclipse on Earth ends)
U4 - 整個偽本影區離開地球 (日環食結束)
08:59:01 / 16:59:01
P4 - Penumbral cone fully leaves Earth (partial eclipse on Earth ends)
P4 - 整個半影區離開地球 (日偏食結束)
10:07:32 / 18:07:32
Information at greatest eclipse
最長環食時資料 (亦即最大食地點,其可見日環食時間為全程最長)
Location 位置 1°38.0' N, 69°18.0' E (in N Indian Ocean 在北印度洋)
Time 時間 07:06:31 UTC / 15:06:31 HKT
Magnitude 食分 0.9190
Duration of annularity 環食持續時間 11' 07.8"
Width of annularity 環食徑寬度 333.2 km 公里
Solar Altitude and Azimuth 該位置的太陽高度和方位角 Altitude 高度: 66.4° ; Azimuth 方位角: 164.9° (SSE 東南偏南)

Note that unlike lunar eclipse, not all places experience these times as the moon moves across the sky (and so does its shadow). They serve to show the times at which there exists at least a location on Earth that can experience those events.

不同於月食,由於月球和它的影子在地球上不是靜止不動,不同的地方將於不同的時間見到日食。以上的一般性資料為全球性資訊;它們並不代表某個地方的日食時間。

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Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況

Hong Kong will be able to experience a partial eclipse in the afternoon on that day, the magnitude and obscuration of which are both larger than 0.5. The very careful observer might notice a very slight decrease in light intensity, while most people will not detect anything significant in terms of illumination. The partial eclipse ends as the Sun dips below the horizon, but the Moon will have almost fully left the solar disk at that time.

香港將可於當天下午看到一次食分和掩蓋面積比均大於 0.5 的日偏食。非常留心的觀測者或可感覺到光度稍微下降,但大多數人應該感覺不到光度上的分別。雖然是次為帶食日落,但於日落時月球已經幾乎完全離開太陽圓盤 :

Local Circumstances

The details are summarized in the following table:

詳細資料整理如下 :

Event for Hong Kong
在香港看到的事件
Time in HKT on 2010/01/15
2010 年 1 月 15 日香港時間
Solar Altitude and Azimuth
太陽的高度和方位角
First contact (partial eclipse starts)
初虧 (日偏食開始)
15:32 Altitude 高度 : 28°
Azimuth 方位角 : 229° (SW 西南)
Greatest eclipse
食甚
16:54 Altitude 高度 : 13°
Azimuth 方位角 : 240° (WSW 西南偏西)
Sunset (partial eclipse ends)
日落 (日偏食結束)
18:00 Altitude 高度 : -1°
Azimuth 方位角 : 248° (WSW 西南偏西)
Information at greatest magnitude for Hong Kong
香港最大食分時資料
Type 類型 Partial 日偏食
Time 時間 16:54 HKT
Direction of shadow 月球影子方向 Entering from the Sun's bottom right hand side, leaving from top right hand side 由太陽右下方進入,右上方離開
Magnitude 食分 0.674
Obscuration 掩蓋面積比 0.573

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Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況

The path of annularity passes through the following major countries (countries where the path only briefly passes through are not included):

環食帶經過以下主要國家 (不包含食帶只剛剛擦過的國家) :

The following table lists the circumstances for major cities where eclipse can be observed:

下表顯示各大可觀是次日食城市的概況 :

Location
地點
Std time zone
標準時區
Eclipse starts/Sunrise
日食開始/日出
Central starts
中心食開始
Max Eclipse
食甚
Central ends
中心食完結
Eclipse ends/Sunset
日食完結/日落
GE alt
食甚高度
GE azi
食甚方位角
Mag
食分
Obs
面積比
Central duration
中心食長度
Kabul, Afghanistan
喀布爾 (阿富汗)
+4.5 hr14:22:18
[10:52:18]
---15:51:04
[12:21:04]
---17:13:14
[13:43:14]
34.2°185.2°0.3210.203 ---
Beijing, China
北京 (中國)
+8 hr15:32:45
[15:32:45]
---16:52:27
[16:52:27]
---17:13:23 S
[17:13:23 S]
2.7°239.4°0.8220.743 ---
Chengdu, China
成都 (中國)
+8 hr15:17:24
[15:17:24]
---16:48:49
[16:48:49]
---18:06:51
[18:06:51]
16.8°231.9°0.8930.818 ---
Chongqing, China
重慶 (中國)
+8 hr15:20:48
[15:20:48]
16:46:45 A
[16:46:45 A]
16:50:40
[16:50:40]
16:54:34 A
[16:54:34 A]
18:07:26
[18:07:26]
15.4°234.1°0.9100.827 7 min 50 sec
Fuzhou, China
福州 (中國)
+8 hr15:39:10
[15:39:10]
---16:56:55
[16:56:55]
---17:32:38 S
[17:32:38 S]
6.4°242.7°0.7060.610 ---
Guangzhou, China
廣州 (中國)
+8 hr15:31:20
[15:31:20]
---16:54:00
[16:54:00]
---18:01:45 S
[18:01:45 S]
13.1°239.9°0.7040.607 ---
Guiyang, China
貴陽 (中國)
+8 hr15:20:03
[15:20:03]
---16:50:29
[16:50:29]
---18:07:22
[18:07:22]
17.1°234.8°0.8850.811 ---
Hong Kong, China
香港 (中國)
+8 hr15:32:44
[15:32:44]
---16:54:10
[16:54:10]
---18:00:12 S
[18:00:12 S]
12.9°240.4°0.6740.573 ---
Kunming, China
昆明 (中國)
+8 hr15:12:13
[15:12:13]
---16:46:55
[16:46:55]
---18:06:43
[18:06:43]
21.5°232.3°0.9030.827 ---
Nanjing, China
南京 (中國)
+8 hr15:36:34
[15:36:34]
---16:56:17
[16:56:17]
---17:22:42 S
[17:22:42 S]
4.2°241.8°0.8640.788 ---
Nanyang, China
南陽 (中國)
+8 hr15:29:28
[15:29:28]
16:50:01 A
[16:50:01 A]
16:53:45
[16:53:45]
16:57:27 A
[16:57:27 A]
17:45:31 S
[17:45:31 S]
8.7°237.7°0.9080.824 7 min 26 sec
Qingdao, China
青島 (中國)
+8 hr15:36:50
[15:36:50]
16:51:48 A
[16:51:48 A]
16:55:24
[16:55:24]
16:59:00 A
[16:59:00 A]
17:07:17 S
[17:07:17 S]
1.3°242.4°0.9060.821 7 min 12 sec
Shanghai, China
上海 (中國)
+8 hr15:39:35
[15:39:35]
---16:57:07
[16:57:07]
---17:13:39 S
[17:13:39 S]
2.4°243.5°0.8130.732 ---
Shenyang, China
瀋陽 (中國)
+8 hr15:37:02
[15:37:02]
---------16:40:00 S
[16:40:00 S]
-0.8°241.9°0.7530.663 ---
Tianjin, China
天津 (中國)
+8 hr15:33:32
[15:33:32]
---16:53:08
[16:53:08]
---17:12:12 S
[17:12:12 S]
2.4°240.1°0.8490.773 ---
Wuhan, China
武漢 (中國)
+8 hr15:31:42
[15:31:42]
---16:54:57
[16:54:57]
---17:43:48 S
[17:43:48 S]
8.5°239.3°0.8790.804 ---
Xian, China
西安 (中國)
+8 hr15:25:16
[15:25:16]
---16:51:33
[16:51:33]
---17:56:59 S
[17:56:59 S]
10.8°234.9°0.8700.796 ---
Zhengzhou, China
鄭州 (中國)
+8 hr15:30:41
[15:30:41]
16:51:29 A
[16:51:29 A]
16:53:46
[16:53:46]
16:56:03 A
[16:56:03 A]
17:37:10 S
[17:37:10 S]
7.0°238.2°0.9070.823 4 min 34 sec
Bunia, DR Congo
布尼亞 (剛果民主共和國)
+1 hr12:07:09 R
[05:07:09 R]
13:19:04 A
[06:19:04 A]
13:23:03
[06:23:03]
13:27:03 A
[06:27:03 A]
14:59:07
[07:59:07]
16.8°112.6°0.9100.828 7 min 59 sec
Cairo, Egypt
開羅 (埃及)
+2 hr12:52:33
[06:52:33]
---13:53:43
[07:53:43]
---15:04:30
[09:04:30]
10.9°122.4°0.2890.173 ---
Athens, Greece
雅典 (希臘)
+2 hr13:39:59 R
[07:39:59 R]
---13:58:40
[07:58:40]
---14:53:16
[08:53:16]
2.4°119.4°0.2000.101 ---
Kolkata, India
加爾各答 (印度)
+5.5 hr14:37:16
[12:07:16]
---16:27:34
[13:57:34]
---17:59:04
[15:29:04]
35.8°218.7°0.8340.759 ---
Mumbai, India
孟買 (印度)
+5.5 hr13:46:38
[11:16:38]
---15:48:05
[13:18:05]
---17:34:26
[15:04:26]
49.3°190.7°0.6440.541 ---
New Delhi, India
新德里 (印度)
+5.5 hr14:23:16
[11:53:16]
---16:09:07
[13:39:07]
---17:40:54
[15:10:54]
37.5°200.3°0.5300.412 ---
Rome, Italy
羅馬 (意大利)
+1 hr14:35:27 R
[07:35:27 R]
---------14:48:17
[07:48:17]
-0.8°118.1°0.0850.029 ---
Hiroshima, Japan
廣島 (日本)
+9 hr15:46:07
[16:46:07]
---------16:22:38 S
[17:22:38 S]
-0.8°244.7°0.4560.333 ---
Osaka, Japan
大阪 (日本)
+9 hr15:47:26
[16:47:26]
---------16:09:51 S
[17:09:51 S]
-0.8°244.6°0.2840.169 ---
Nairobi, Kenya
內羅畢 (肯尼亞)
+3 hr12:06:29
[07:06:29]
13:26:14 A
[08:26:14 A]
13:29:39
[08:29:39]
13:33:04 A
[08:33:04 A]
15:14:52
[10:14:52]
25.5°112.9°0.9120.832 6 min 51 sec
Kuala Lumpur, Malay.
吉隆坡 (馬來西亞)
+8 hr15:01:17
[15:01:17]
---16:26:05
[16:26:05]
---17:38:04
[17:38:04]
39.0°239.4°0.4090.286 ---
Ulaanbaatar, Mong.
烏蘭巴托 (蒙古)
+7 hr15:26:00
[14:26:00]
---16:42:10
[15:42:10]
---17:26:20 S
[16:26:20 S]
5.2°230.2°0.5470.430 ---
Yangon, Myanmar
仰光 (緬甸)
+6.5 hr14:50:27
[13:20:27]
---16:34:43
[15:04:43]
---18:00:46
[16:30:46]
33.7°229.2°0.8170.740 ---
Pyongyang, N Korea
平壤 (北韓)
+9 hr15:39:34
[16:39:34]
---------16:38:14 S
[17:38:14 S]
-0.8°243.1°0.7320.639 ---
Karachi, Pakistan
卡拉奇 (巴基斯坦)
+5 hr13:48:01
[10:48:01]
---15:36:07
[12:36:07]
---17:16:34
[14:16:34]
44.0°178.3°0.4510.330 ---
Manila, Philippines
馬尼拉 (菲律賓)
+8 hr15:48:58
[15:48:58]
---16:53:55
[16:53:55]
---17:46:06 S
[17:46:06 S]
10.7°244.6°0.3910.268 ---
Novosibirsk, Russia
新西伯利亞 (俄羅斯)
+6 hr15:16:01
[13:16:01]
---16:12:55
[14:12:55]
---17:07:00
[15:07:00]
11.2°202.6°0.2000.102 ---
Johnnesburg, S Afr.
約翰內斯堡 (南非)
+2 hr12:41:20
[06:41:20]
---13:25:50
[07:25:50]
---14:14:35
[08:14:35]
23.8°102.9°0.1770.085 ---
Seoul, S Korea
首爾 (南韓)
+9 hr15:41:02
[16:41:02]
---------16:37:07 S
[17:37:07 S]
-0.8°243.7°0.7030.605 ---
Singapore, Singapore
新加坡 (新加坡)
+8 hr15:10:05
[15:10:05]
---16:26:18
[16:26:18]
---17:31:59
[17:31:59]
38.0°241.7°0.3290.210 ---
Jaffna, Sri Lanka
賈夫納 (斯里蘭卡)
+5.5 hr13:47:39
[11:17:39]
15:49:31 A
[13:19:31 A]
15:54:36
[13:24:36]
15:59:40 A
[13:29:40 A]
17:41:16
[15:11:16]
55.3°207.4°0.9180.842 10 min 10 sec
Taipei, Taiwan
台北 (台灣)
+8 hr15:42:27
[15:42:27]
---16:57:27
[16:57:27]
---17:25:50 S
[17:25:50 S]
5.0°243.9°0.6530.548 ---
Dubai, UAE
杜拜 (阿聯酋)
+4 hr13:20:19
[09:20:19]
---14:51:06
[10:51:06]
---16:29:36
[12:29:36]
38.0°150.9°0.3370.217 ---

Notes 備註 :

  1. A solar eclipse always starts as partial eclipse starts or at sunrise, and always ends as partial eclipse finishes or at sunset. 日食必會於日出或初虧時開始,而於日落或復圓時結束。
  2. Time of maximum eclipse is not shown if the place can only see less than half of the eclipse; such places must experience maximum eclipse at sunrise or sunset. 如某地只見到少於一半日食過程,食甚時間必為日出或日落,因此不再另外顯示。
  3. For each time, the first line refers to HKT and the second line local standard time (i.e. NO daylight savings adjustment). If a particular location is at daylight saving time (DST), add 1 hour manually to ONLY the second line, as Hong Kong does not observe DST. 首行時間為香港時間;次行時間為當地標準時間 (亦即不含日光節約時間)。如當地正實行日光節約時間,請只於次行添加一小時作時間改正用 (這是因為香港並沒有實行日光節約時間) 。
  4. Abbreviations: "R" = Sunrise; "A" = Annular eclipse; "T" = Total eclipse; "S" = Sunset. 縮寫 : "R" = 日出; "A" = 環食; "T" = 全食; "S" = 日落。
  5. Central eclipse refers to totality or annularity. 中心食即全食或環食階段。

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Future solar eclipses 未來日食

Solar eclipses in the next five years (click on the date to see the eclipse path):

未來五年的日食資料 (請按下日期以觀看日食路徑) :

Date (UTC)
日期 (世界協調時)
Eclipse type
日食類型
Eclipse type at HK
香港可見日食類型
Magnitude at HK and time
香港可見食分及(香港)時間
2010/07/11 Total 日全食 --- ---
2011/01/04 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2011/06/01 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2011/07/01 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2011/11/25 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2012/05/20 Annular 日環食 Annular 日環食 0.932 ; 05/21 06:08:28 HKT
2012/11/13 Total 日全食 --- ---
2013/05/10 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2013/11/03 Hybrid 日全環食 --- ---
2014/04/29 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2014/10/23 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2015/03/20 Total 日全食 --- ---
2015/09/13 Partial 日偏食 --- ---

Hong Kong will experience an annular eclipse in 2012.

香港將可於 2012 年一睹罕見的日環食。

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Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答

The following links open in new windows. 以下連結於新頁開啟。

Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機

Our site now features a solar eclipse calculator that allows user to compute eclipse visibility information for any place on Earth. Please click on the link below to use this utility. 本站現已設立一日食計算機,各位可利用它來計算出地球上某地可觀看的日食資料。請按以下連結以使用該計算機。

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Eclipse times and information are based on Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA's solar eclipse page: here.

Last Accessed 最近訪問日期: Mon Sep 28 2020 19:55:46 HKT
Last Modified 最近修訂日期: Tue Dec 24 2013

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