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Astronomical Info / 天文資訊 > Special Events / 特別項目 > Total Solar Eclipse of July 12th, 2010 | 2010 年 7 月 12 日之日全食 [Refresh 更新]

Quick info 快速資訊: Eclipse not visible in Hong Kong. 是次日食於香港不可見。

Quick links 快速連結:
- Live webcast 網上直播 - Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料
- Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況 - Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況
- Future solar eclipses 未來日食 - Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答
- Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機 - Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬
Live webcast 網上直播

Please click on the links below for live webcast. All links redirect you to external websites and open in new windows. 請按下列連結以觀看網上直播。所有連結連至第三者網站並以新視窗開啟。

Channels should start operating after 1 or 2 a.m. tonight Hong Kong Time (i.e. July 12). I will not be updating the links below, and so cannot guarantee all channels will work properly at that time. 以下頻道應該會於本港時間今晚 1 或 2 時過後 (即 7 月 12 日) 開始運作,但由於我今晚將不會更新下列連結,所以不能確定它們均會運作暢順。

Live Webcast 網上直播

- Ciclops and Shelios Live Webcast

- French Polynesian Tourist Board

- Live! Eclipse (More Info 更多資料)

- Saros Group Scientific Expeditions

Eclipse Simulation 日食模擬
- Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

This simulation, provided by HKWW, presents to you the local conditions at cities in the eclipse zone during the eclipse. The page is set to refresh once every ten minutes but images are redrawn minute-by-minute. Press F5 to refresh your screen manually.

該日食模擬由本站提供,顯示全球可見日食地區的太陽 / 月球之相對位置。該頁每 10 分鐘重新整理一次,但圖像則於每分鐘更新;請按 F5 鍵以手動重新整理頁面。

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Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料

A total solar eclipse will occur on July 11 (UTC) / July 12 (Hong Kong Time). However, the lunar umbra will spend most of its time on Earth across the southern Pacific Ocean, sweeping across only a few islands in the interim. The path of totality will initially travel northeastward, followed by a turn to the southeast. It will arrive at southern Chile near the end of the umbra's visit to Earth, and the total eclipse will end as southern Argentina sees sunset.

一次日全食將於 7 月 11 日 (世界協調時) / 7 月 12 日 (香港時間) 發生,但過程中月球的本影將絕大部分時間處於南太平洋,只觸及數個島嶼。全食區於當天將首先向東北移動,及後轉向東南,於離開地球前到達智利南部。日食將隨阿根廷南部日落而結束。



The following shows some general details about the eclipse:

下表列出是次日食的一般性資料 :

Eclipse series and characteristics
日食序列和特徵
Saros series number 沙羅序列號碼 146 (occurring at Moon's descending node 降交點日食)
Member in the series 序列中次數 27 out of 76 | 76 次中的第 27 次
Gamma 伽馬數 -0.6789 earth radii 地球半徑
Event
事件
Time in UTC/HKT
世界協調時 / 香港時間
P1 - Penumbral cone starts to strike Earth (partial eclipse on Earth starts)
P1 - 半影區到達地球 (日偏食開始)
07/11 17:09:40 / 07/12 01:09:40
U1 - Umbra starts to strike Earth (total eclipse on Earth starts)
U1 - 本影區到達地球 (日全食開始)
07/11 18:15:15 / 07/12 02:15:15

U2 - Umbra fully strikes Earth
U2 - 整個本影區到達地球

07/11 18:18:33 / 07/12 02:18:33

U3 - Umbra starts to leave Earth
U3 - 本影區開始離開地球

07/11 20:48:20 / 07/12 04:48:20
U4 - Umbra fully leaves Earth (total eclipse on Earth ends)
U4 - 整個本影區離開地球 (日全食結束)
07/11 20:51:42 / 07/12 04:51:42
P4 - Penumbral cone fully leaves Earth (partial eclipse on Earth ends)
P4 - 整個半影區離開地球 (日偏食結束)
07/11 21:57:15 / 07/12 05:57:15
Information at greatest eclipse
最長全食時資料 (亦即最大食地點,其可見日全食時間為全程最長)
Location 位置 19°45.7' S, 121°52.9' W (in S Pacific Ocean 在南太平洋)
Time 時間 07/11 19:33:33 UTC / 07/12 03:33:33 HKT
Magnitude 食分 1.0580
Duration of totality 全食持續時間 5' 20.2''
Width of totality 全食徑寬度 258.7 km 公里
Solar Altitude and Azimuth 該位置的太陽高度和方位角 Altitude 高度: 47.1° ; Azimuth 方位角: 013.5° (NNE 東北偏北)

Note that unlike lunar eclipse, not all places experience these times as the moon moves across the sky (and so does its shadow). They serve to show the times at which there exists at least a location on Earth that can experience those events.

不同於月食,由於月球和它的影子在地球上不是靜止不動,不同的地方將於不同的時間見到日食。以上的一般性資料為全球性資訊;它們並不代表某個地方的日食時間。

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Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況

This eclipse will not be visible in Hong Kong.

這次日食於香港將不可見。

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Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況

The path of totality passes through the following major countries/regions (areas where the path only briefly passes through are not included):

全食帶經過以下主要國家和地區 (不包含食帶只剛剛擦過的地點) :

The following table lists the circumstances for some major cities where the eclipse can be observed:

下表顯示部分可觀是次日食城市的概況 :

This eclipse will occur on July 11 in UTC, but July 12 in Hong Kong Time. Hence the first lines in the cells below (HKT) are times on July 12, while the second lines (local time) could be for July 11 or July 12, depending on whether the region is to the east or west of the international date line. The time zone for Hong Kong is GMT+8 hours. 是次日食於國際協調時 7 月 11 日發生,但香港時間則為 7 月 12 日,因此下表中每格第一行 (香港時間) 均為 7 月 12 日時間,但次行 (當地時間) 則可能為 7 月 11 或 12 日時間,視乎該地位處國際換日線以東或以西。香港的時區為東八區。

Location
地點
Std time zone
標準時區
Eclipse starts/Sunrise
日食開始/日出
Central starts
中心食開始
Max Eclipse
食甚
Central ends
中心食完結
Eclipse ends/Sunset
日食完結/日落
GE alt
食甚高度
GE azi
食甚方位角
Mag
食分
Obs
面積比
Central duration
中心食長度
Buenos Aires, Argentina
布宜諾斯艾利斯 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 04:13:46
[17:13:46]
--- --- --- 04:58:47 S
[17:58:47 S]
-0.8° 296.5° 0.449 0.340 ---
Comodoro Rivadavia, Argentina
里瓦達維亞海軍准將城 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 03:51:59
[16:51:59]
--- 04:55:41
[17:55:41]
--- 05:02:39 S
[18:02:39 S]
0.2° 302.8° 0.869 0.845 ---
Cordoba, Argentina
科爾多瓦 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 04:11:50
[17:11:50]
--- 05:04:10
[18:04:10]
--- 05:29:23 S
[18:29:23 S]
4.0° 298.9° 0.439 0.329 ---
El Calafate, Argentina
加拉法提 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 03:44:12
[16:44:12]
04:48:28 T
[17:48:28 T]
04:49:52
[17:49:52]
04:51:15 T
[17:51:15 T]
05:04:19 S
[18:04:19 S]
1.0° 307.5° 1.045 1.000 2 min 47 sec
Mendoza, Argentina
門多薩 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 04:03:37
[17:03:37]
--- 05:01:55
[18:01:55]
--- 05:44:39 S
[18:44:39 S]
7.0° 302.0° 0.542 0.444 ---
Rio Gallegos, Argentina
里奧加耶戈斯 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 03:45:34
[16:45:34]
--- --- --- 04:46:14 S
[17:46:14 S]
-0.8° 305.9° 0.961 0.961 ---
Rosario, Argentina
羅薩里奧 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 04:13:51
[17:13:51]
--- 05:04:48
[18:04:48]
--- 05:11:54 S
[18:11:54 S]
0.5° 296.9° 0.438 0.329 ---
Salta, Argentina
薩爾塔 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 04:21:16
[17:21:16]
--- 05:04:21
[18:04:21]
--- 05:44:34
[18:44:34]
8.1° 298.9° 0.263 0.157 ---
La Paz, Bolivia
拉巴斯 (玻利維亞)
-4 hr 04:39:07
[16:39:07]
--- 05:01:18
[17:01:18]
--- 05:22:49
[17:22:49]
15.0° 298.9° 0.061 0.018 ---
Porto Alegre, Brazil
阿雷格里港 (巴西)
-3 hr 04:29:32
[17:29:32]
--- --- --- 04:40:39 S
[17:40:39 S]
-0.8° 295.1° 0.112 0.045 ---
Arica, Chile
阿里卡 (智利)
-4 hr 04:25:22
[16:25:22]
--- 05:00:39
[17:00:39]
--- 05:33:58
[17:33:58]
15.9° 300.4° 0.153 0.071 ---
Puerto Montt, Chile
蒙特港 (智利)
-4 hr 03:50:16
[15:50:16]
--- 04:56:12
[16:56:12]
--- 05:38:36 S
[17:38:36 S]
5.8° 306.4° 0.824 0.788 ---
Punta Arenas, Chile
蓬塔阿雷納斯 (智利)
-4 hr 03:43:03
[15:43:03]
--- --- --- 04:45:31 S
[16:45:31 S]
-0.8° 307.3° 0.961 0.960 ---
Santiago, Chile
聖地亞哥 (智利)
-4 hr 04:00:25
[16:00:25]
--- 05:00:51
[17:00:51]
--- 05:50:40 S
[17:50:40 S]
8.2° 303.3° 0.583 0.491 ---
Atiu, Cook Islands
阿蒂烏 (庫克群島)
-10 hr 01:13:24
[07:13:24]
--- 02:19:02
[08:19:02]
--- 03:34:29
[09:34:29]
14.1° 59.8° 0.976 0.979 ---
Avarua, Cook Islands
阿瓦魯阿 (庫克群島)
-10 hr 01:16:54 R
[07:16:54 R]
--- 02:18:36
[08:18:36]
--- 03:32:49
[09:32:49]
12.0° 60.4° 0.992 0.995 ---
Mangaia, Cook Islands
曼加伊亞 (庫克群島)
-10 hr 01:15:05
[07:15:05]
02:19:26 T
[08:19:26 T]
02:21:04
[08:21:04]
02:22:44 T
[08:22:44 T]
03:36:49
[09:36:49]
13.7° 59.1° 1.048 1.000 3 min 18 sec
Mauke, Cook Islands
毛凱 (庫克群島)
-10 hr 01:13:49
[07:13:49]
--- 02:20:01
[08:20:01]
--- 03:36:09
[09:36:09]
14.8° 59.3° 0.988 0.992 ---
Hanga Roa, Easter Island
漢加洛 (復活節島)
-6 hr 02:40:40
[12:40:40]
04:08:33 T
[14:08:33 T]
04:10:55
[14:10:55]
04:13:16 T
[14:13:16 T]
05:34:19
[15:34:19]
39.5° 345.6° 1.056 1.000 4 min 44 sec
Lautoka, Fiji
勞托卡 (斐濟)
+12 hr 02:41:31 R
[06:41:31 R]
--- --- --- 03:01:52
[07:01:52]
-0.8° 67.1° 0.304 0.194 ---
Suva, Fiji
蘇瓦 (斐濟)
+12 hr 02:38:29 R
[06:38:29 R]
--- --- --- 03:03:19
[07:03:19]
-0.8° 67.0° 0.370 0.258 ---
Ruatoria, New Zealand
魯阿托里亞 (紐西蘭)
+12 hr 03:20:52 R
[07:20:52 R]
--- --- --- 03:27:56
[07:27:56]
-0.8° 62.3° 0.111 0.044 ---
Asuncion, Paraguay
亞松森 (巴拉圭)
-4 hr 04:33:12
[16:33:12]
--- 05:06:47
[17:06:47]
--- 05:16:07 S
[17:16:07 S]
1.1° 295.1° 0.173 0.085 ---
Lima, Peru
利馬 (秘魯)
-5 hr 04:24:20
[15:24:20]
--- 04:52:11
[15:52:11]
--- 05:18:51
[16:18:51]
26.5° 302.4° 0.081 0.028 ---
Apia, Samoa
阿皮亞 (薩摩亞)
-11 hr 01:51:49 R
[06:51:49 R]
--- 02:05:49
[07:05:49]
--- 03:06:40
[08:06:40]
2.3° 66.6° 0.663 0.587 ---
Papeete, Tahiti, French Polynesia
帕皮提 (大溪地, 法屬波里尼西亞)
-10 hr 01:15:56
[07:15:56]
--- 02:27:21
[08:27:21]
--- 03:50:02
[09:50:02]
23.9° 55.2° 0.984 0.988 ---
Nuku'alofa, Tonga
努庫阿洛法 (湯加)
+13 hr 02:18:29 R
[07:18:29 R]
--- --- --- 03:12:34
[08:12:34]
-0.8° 66.6° 0.781 0.733 ---
Montevideo, Uruguay
蒙特維多 (烏拉圭)
-3 hr 04:15:29
[17:15:29]
--- --- --- 04:49:16 S
[17:49:16 S]
-0.8° 296.6° 0.380 0.268 ---

Notes 備註 :

  1. A solar eclipse always starts as partial eclipse starts or at sunrise, and always ends as partial eclipse finishes or at sunset. 日食必會於日出或初虧時開始,而於日落或復圓時結束。
  2. Time of maximum eclipse is not shown if the place can only see less than half of the eclipse; such places must experience maximum eclipse at sunrise or sunset. 如某地只見到少於一半日食過程,食甚時間必為日出或日落,因此不再另外顯示。
  3. For each time, the first line refers to HKT and the second line local standard time (i.e. NO daylight savings adjustment). If a particular location is at daylight saving time (DST), add 1 hour manually to ONLY the second line, as Hong Kong does not observe DST. 首行時間為香港時間;次行時間為當地標準時間 (亦即不含日光節約時間)。如當地正實行日光節約時間,請只於次行添加一小時作時間改正用 (這是因為香港並沒有實行日光節約時間) 。
  4. Abbreviations: "R" = Sunrise; "A" = Annular eclipse; "T" = Total eclipse; "S" = Sunset. 縮寫 : "R" = 日出; "A" = 環食; "T" = 全食; "S" = 日落。
  5. Central eclipse refers to totality or annularity. 中心食即全食或環食階段。

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Future solar eclipses 未來日食

Solar eclipses in the next five years (click on the date to see the eclipse path):

未來五年的日食資料 (請按下日期以觀看日食路徑) :

Date (UTC)
日期 (世界協調時)
Eclipse type
日食類型
Eclipse type at HK
香港可見日食類型
Magnitude at HK and time
香港可見食分及(香港)時間
2011/01/04 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2011/06/01 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2011/07/01 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2011/11/25 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2012/05/20 Annular 日環食 Annular 日環食 0.932 ; 05/21 06:08:28 HKT
2012/11/13 Total 日全食 --- ---
2013/05/10 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2013/11/03 Hybrid 日全環食 --- ---
2014/04/29 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2014/10/23 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2015/03/20 Total 日全食 --- ---
2015/09/13 Partial 日偏食 --- ---

Hong Kong will experience an annular eclipse in 2012.

香港將可於 2012 年一睹罕見的日環食。

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Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答

The following links open in new windows. 以下連結於新頁開啟。

Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機

Our site now features a solar eclipse calculator that allows user to compute eclipse visibility information for any place on Earth. Please click on the link below to use this utility. 本站現已設立一日食計算機,各位可利用它來計算出地球上某地可觀看的日食資料。請按以下連結以使用該計算機。

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Eclipse times and information are based on Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA's solar eclipse page: here.

Last Accessed 最近訪問日期: Wed Jan 29 2020 22:14:39 HKT
Last Modified 最近修訂日期: Tue Dec 24 2013

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