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Astronomical Info / 天文資訊 > Special Events / 特別項目 > Total Solar Eclipse of November 14th, 2012 | 2012 年 11 月 14 日之日全食 [Refresh 更新]

Quick info 快速資訊: Eclipse not visible in Hong Kong. 是次日食於香港不可見。

Quick links 快速連結:
- Live webcast 網上直播 - Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料
- Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況 - Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況
- Future solar eclipses 未來日食 - Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答
- Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機 - Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬
Live webcast 網上直播

Please click on the links below for live webcast. All links redirect you to external websites and open in new windows. 請按下列連結以觀看網上直播。所有連結連至第三者網站並以新視窗開啟。

Live Webcast 網上直播

- Cairns Solar Eclipse 2012


- Slooh Space Camera

- Gloria Project

- Panasonic Eclipse Live [Link 1] [Link 2]



- Gorge Creek Orchards

- Total Solar Eclipse Nov 2012 - live from Mareeba


Eclipse Simulation 日食模擬
- Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

This simulation, provided by HKWW, presents to you the local conditions at cities in the eclipse zone during the eclipse. The page is set to refresh once every ten minutes but images are redrawn minute-by-minute. Press F5 to refresh your screen manually.

該日食模擬由本站提供,顯示全球可見日食地區的太陽 / 月球之相對位置。該頁每 10 分鐘重新整理一次,但圖像則於每分鐘更新;請按 F5 鍵以手動重新整理頁面。

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Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料

A total solar eclipse will occur on November 14 (Hong Kong Time). Similar to the total eclipse in 2010, the umbral path will cross the southern Pacific Ocean for most of its duration. The only landmasses that could catch totality will be northern Australia where the eclipse will take place at sunrise. The path of totality then travels east-southeastward, sweeping across seas north of New Zealand. The umbral shadow will cross the international date line at around 21:30 UTC (November 13) or 05:30 HKT, and greatest eclipse takes place just east of the date line. There the path of totality gradually turns to the east and then east-northeast. Totality on Earth ends at around 23:50 UTC (07:50 HKT) before the umbra can reach Chile.

一次日全食將於香港時間 11 月 14 日發生。與 2010 年的日全食一樣,本影區於大多數時間橫過南太平洋,澳洲北部是本影區唯一經過的陸地。11 月 14 日早上,全食帶於澳洲北部向東南偏東移,隨後掠過紐西蘭以北海域,繼而於世界協調時 11 月 13 日 21:30 時 (香港時間 14 日早上 5:30) 左右橫越國際換日線。最大食其後於換日線以東發生,而全食區則逐漸轉向偏東轉東北偏東移動。本影區最後於約世界協調時 23:50 (香港時間早上 07:50) 離開地球,與智利緣慳一面。



The following shows some general details about the eclipse:

下表列出是次日食的一般性資料 :

Eclipse series and characteristics
日食序列和特徵
Saros series number 沙羅序列號碼 133 (occurring at Moon's ascending node 升交點日食)
Member in the series 序列中次數 45 out of 72 | 72 次中的第 45 次
Gamma 伽馬數 -0.3719 earth radii 地球半徑
Event
事件
Time in UTC/HKT
世界協調時 / 香港時間
P1 - Penumbral cone starts to strike Earth (partial eclipse on Earth starts)
P1 - 半影區到達地球 (日偏食開始)
11/13 19:37:58 / 11/14 03:37:58
U1 - Umbra starts to strike Earth (total eclipse on Earth starts)
U1 - 本影區到達地球 (日全食開始)
11/13 20:35:08 / 11/14 04:35:08

U2 - Umbra fully strikes Earth
U2 - 整個本影區到達地球

11/13 20:37:04 / 11/14 04:37:04
P2 - Penumbra fully strikes Earth
P2 - 整個半影區到達地球
11/13 21:43:43 / 11/14 05:43:43
P3 - Penumbra starts to leave Earth
P3 - 半影區開始離開地球
11/13 22:39:44 / 11/14 06:39:44

U3 - Umbra starts to leave Earth
U3 - 本影區開始離開地球

11/13 23:46:28 / 11/14 07:46:28
U4 - Umbra fully leaves Earth (total eclipse on Earth ends)
U4 - 整個本影區離開地球 (日全食結束)
11/13 23:48:24 / 11/14 07:48:24
P4 - Penumbral cone fully leaves Earth (partial eclipse on Earth ends)
P4 - 整個半影區離開地球 (日偏食結束)
11/14 00:45:34 / 11/14 08:45:34
Information at greatest eclipse
最長全食時資料 (亦即最大食地點,其可見日全食時間為全程最長)
Location 位置 39°57.6' S, 161°20.2' W (in S Pacific Ocean 在南太平洋)
Time 時間 11/13 22:11:48 UTC / 11/14 06:11:48 HKT
Magnitude 食分 1.0500
Duration of totality 全食持續時間 4' 02.2''
Width of totality 全食徑寬度 179.0 km 公里
Solar Altitude and Azimuth 該位置的太陽高度和方位角 Altitude 高度: 67.9° ; Azimuth 方位角: 011.4° (NNE 東北偏北)

Note that unlike lunar eclipse, not all places experience these times as the moon moves across the sky (and so does its shadow). They serve to show the times at which there exists at least a location on Earth that can experience those events.

不同於月食,由於月球和它的影子在地球上不是靜止不動,不同的地方將於不同的時間見到日食。以上的一般性資料為全球性資訊;它們並不代表某個地方的日食時間。

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Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況

This eclipse will not be visible in Hong Kong.

這次日食於香港將不可見。

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Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況

The path of totality passes through the following major countries/regions (areas where the path only briefly passes through are not included):

全食帶經過以下主要國家和地區 (不包含食帶只剛剛擦過的地點) :

The following table lists the circumstances for some major cities where the eclipse can be observed:

下表顯示部分可觀是次日食城市的概況 :

This eclipse will occur on November 13 in UTC, but November 14 in Hong Kong Time. Hence the first lines in the cells below (HKT) are times on November 14, while the second lines (local time) could be for November 13 or 14, depending on whether the region is to the east or west of the international date line. The time zone for Hong Kong is GMT+8 hours. 是次日食於國際協調時 11 月 13 日發生,但香港時間則為 11 月 14 日,因此下表中每格第一行 (香港時間) 均為 11 月 14 日時間,但次行 (當地時間) 則可能為 11 月 13 或 14 日時間,視乎該地位處國際換日線以東或以西。香港的時區為東八區。

Location
地點
Std time zone
標準時區
Eclipse starts/Sunrise
日食開始/日出
Central starts
中心食開始
Max Eclipse
食甚
Central ends
中心食完結
Eclipse ends/Sunset
日食完結/日落
GE alt
食甚高度
GE azi
食甚方位角
Mag
食分
Obs
面積比
Central duration
中心食長度
Local Date November 14 當地時間 11 月 14 日
Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea)
莫士比港 (巴布亞新幾內亞)
+10 hr 03:39:20
[05:39:20]
--- 04:32:45
[06:32:45]
--- 05:32:00
[07:32:00]
11.7° 106.8° 0.807 0.765 ---
Darwin (Australia)
達爾文 (澳洲)
+9.5 hr 04:40:49 R
[06:10:49 R]
--- --- --- 05:31:01
[07:01:01]
-0.8° 108.9° 0.935 0.927 ---
Alice Springs (Australia)
愛麗斯泉 (澳洲)
+9.5 hr 04:11:50 R
[05:41:50 R]
--- 04:46:54
[06:16:54]
--- 05:40:46
[07:10:46]
6.8° 107.0° 0.724 0.661 ---
Perth (Australia)
珀斯 (澳洲)
+8 hr 05:09:18 R
[05:09:18 R]
--- --- --- 05:41:36
[05:41:36]
-0.8° 112.2° 0.381 0.268 ---
Kowanyama (Australia)
高旺亞馬 (澳洲)
+10 hr 03:52:56 R
[05:52:56 R]
04:37:07 T
[06:37:07 T]
04:37:54
[06:37:54]
04:38:42 T
[06:38:42 T]
05:36:36
[07:36:36]
9.5° 106.4° 1.036 1.000 1 min 35 sec
Cairns (Australia)
凱恩斯 (澳洲)
+10 hr 03:44:45
[05:44:45]
04:38:34 T
[06:38:34 T]
04:39:34
[06:39:34]
04:40:34 T
[06:40:34 T]
05:40:21
[07:40:21]
14.0° 105.1° 1.037 1.000 2 min 0 sec
Townsville (Australia)
湯斯維爾 (澳洲)
+10 hr 03:46:48
[05:46:48]
--- 04:42:12
[06:42:12]
--- 05:43:42
[07:43:42]
16.2° 104.1° 0.964 0.964 ---
Brisbane (Australia)
布里斯本 (澳洲)
+10 hr 03:56:20
[05:56:20]
--- 04:54:22
[06:54:22]
--- 05:58:52
[07:58:52]
26.1° 97.9° 0.834 0.800 ---
Adelaide (Australia)
阿德萊德 (澳洲)
+10.5 hr 04:12:53
[06:42:53]
--- 05:00:49
[07:30:49]
--- 05:52:27
[08:22:27]
16.5° 101.1° 0.522 0.420 ---
Sydney (Australia)
悉尼 (澳洲)
+11 hr 04:07:10
[07:07:10]
--- 05:02:41
[08:02:41]
--- 06:03:36
[09:03:36]
27.0° 94.7° 0.669 0.594 ---
Canberra (Australia)
坎培拉 (澳洲)
+11 hr 04:10:13
[07:10:13]
--- 05:03:57
[08:03:57]
--- 06:02:37
[09:02:37]
25.7° 94.9° 0.617 0.531 ---
Melbourne (Australia)
墨爾本 (澳洲)
+11 hr 04:16:06
[07:16:06]
--- 05:06:15
[08:06:15]
--- 06:00:26
[09:00:26]
23.0° 95.8° 0.524 0.423 ---
Hobart (Australia)
霍巴特 (澳洲)
+11 hr 04:26:07
[07:26:07]
--- 05:14:52
[08:14:52]
--- 06:07:06
[09:07:06]
26.8° 90.6° 0.450 0.341 ---
Honiara (Solomon Islands)
霍尼亞拉 (所羅門群島)
+11 hr 03:40:09
[06:40:09]
--- 04:36:17
[07:36:17]
--- 05:39:21
[08:39:21]
24.5° 105.8° 0.653 0.575 ---
Port Vila (Vanuatu)
維拉港 (瓦努阿圖)
+11 hr 03:48:21
[06:48:21]
--- 04:51:51
[07:51:51]
--- 06:04:07
[09:04:07]
38.0° 99.6° 0.766 0.715 ---
Noumea (New Caledonia)
努美阿 (新喀里多尼亞)
+11 hr 03:51:40
[06:51:40]
--- 04:56:13
[07:56:13]
--- 06:09:27
[09:09:27]
38.0° 96.3° 0.911 0.899 ---
Funafuti (Tuvalu)
富納富提 (圖瓦盧)
+12 hr 03:58:48
[07:58:48]
--- 04:53:34
[08:53:34]
--- 05:54:52
[09:54:52]
46.7° 107.6° 0.347 0.235 ---
Suva (Fiji)
蘇瓦 (斐濟)
+12 hr 03:57:47
[07:57:47]
--- 05:04:46
[09:04:46]
--- 06:20:58
[10:20:58]
50.7° 96.9° 0.632 0.550 ---
Apia (Samoa)
阿皮亞 (薩摩亞)
+14 hr 04:14:35
[10:14:35]
--- 05:16:39
[11:16:39]
--- 06:25:47
[12:25:47]
62.1° 102.9° 0.364 0.252 ---
Nuku'alofa (Tonga)
努庫阿洛法 (湯加)
+13 hr 04:08:31
[09:08:31]
--- 05:19:53
[10:19:53]
--- 06:40:16
[11:40:16]
60.4° 90.0° 0.626 0.542 ---
Auckland (New Zealand)
奧克蘭 (紐西蘭)
+13 hr 04:18:06
[09:18:06]
--- 05:27:23
[10:27:23]
--- 06:43:50
[11:43:50]
50.7° 72.7° 0.871 0.848 ---
Wellington (New Zealand)
威靈頓 (紐西蘭)
+13 hr 04:26:42
[09:26:42]
--- 05:34:09
[10:34:09]
--- 06:47:33
[11:47:33]
50.4° 65.9° 0.763 0.712 ---
Christchurch (New Zealand)
基督城 (紐西蘭)
+13 hr 04:30:09
[09:30:09]
--- 05:34:56
[10:34:56]
--- 06:45:02
[11:45:02]
48.2° 65.6° 0.688 0.619 ---
Dunedin (New Zealand)
但尼丁 (紐西蘭)
+13 hr 04:34:17
[09:34:17]
--- 05:36:08
[10:36:08]
--- 06:42:39
[11:42:39]
46.0° 65.1° 0.615 0.529 ---
Local Date November 13 當地時間 11 月 13 日
Avarua (Cook Islands)
阿瓦魯阿 (庫克群島)
-10 hr 04:43:26
[10:43:26]
--- 05:57:31
[11:57:31]
--- 07:15:29
[13:15:29]
83.2° 65.4° 0.434 0.324 ---
Papeete (French Polynesia)
巴比提 (法屬波利尼西亞)
-10 hr 05:24:42
[11:24:42]
--- 06:27:18
[12:27:18]
--- 07:28:43
[13:28:43]
79.4° 264.4° 0.234 0.133 ---
Hanga Roa (Easter Island)
漢加洛 (復活節島)
-6 hr 06:40:02
[16:40:02]
--- 07:45:00
[17:45:00]
--- 08:42:56
[18:42:56]
24.9° 261.3° 0.687 0.616 ---
Antofagasta (Chile)
安托法加斯塔 (智利)
-3 hr 06:56:50
[19:56:50]
--- --- --- 07:03:09 S
[20:03:09 S]
-0.8° 249.6° 0.121 0.050 ---
Santiago (Chile)
聖地亞哥 (智利)
-3 hr 06:50:10
[19:50:10]
--- --- --- 07:21:49 S
[20:21:49 S]
-0.8° 247.3° 0.587 0.494 ---
Temuco (Chile)
特木科 (智利)
-3 hr 06:46:46
[19:46:46]
--- 07:37:27
[20:37:27]
--- 07:41:15 S
[20:41:15 S]
-0.2° 246.2° 0.721 0.656 ---
Punta Arenas (Chile)
蓬塔阿雷納斯 (智利)
-3 hr 06:38:50
[19:38:50]
--- 07:21:38
[20:21:38]
--- 08:02:40
[21:02:40]
6.9° 248.5° 0.402 0.289 ---
Mendoza (Argentina)
門多薩 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 06:50:24
[19:50:24]
--- --- --- 07:13:16 S
[20:13:16 S]
-0.8° 247.5° 0.431 0.320 ---
Bahia Blanca (Argentina)
布蘭卡港 (阿根廷)
-3 hr 06:46:32
[19:46:32]
--- --- --- 06:59:35 S
[19:59:35 S]
-0.8° 245.6° 0.234 0.132 ---
Stanley (Falkland Islands)
斯坦利港 (福克蘭群島)
-3 hr 06:41:03
[19:41:03]
--- 07:19:12
[20:19:12]
--- 07:20:58 S
[20:20:58 S]
-0.6° 238.7° 0.345 0.232 ---

Notes 備註 :

  1. A solar eclipse always starts as partial eclipse starts or at sunrise, and always ends as partial eclipse finishes or at sunset. 日食必會於日出或初虧時開始,而於日落或復圓時結束。
  2. Time of maximum eclipse is not shown if the place can only see less than half of the eclipse; such places must experience maximum eclipse at sunrise or sunset. 如某地只見到少於一半日食過程,食甚時間必為日出或日落,因此不再另外顯示。
  3. For each time, the first line refers to HKT and the second line local time; daylight saving has been accounted for. 首行時間為香港時間;次行時間為當地時間 (已包含日光節約時間)
  4. Abbreviations: "R" = Sunrise; "A" = Annular eclipse; "T" = Total eclipse; "S" = Sunset. 縮寫 : "R" = 日出; "A" = 環食; "T" = 全食; "S" = 日落。
  5. Central eclipse refers to totality or annularity. 中心食即全食或環食階段。

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Future solar eclipses 未來日食

Solar eclipses in the next five years (click on the date to see the eclipse path):

未來五年的日食資料 (請按下日期以觀看日食路徑) :

Date (UTC)
日期 (世界協調時)
Eclipse type
日食類型
Eclipse type at HK
香港可見日食類型
Magnitude at HK and time
香港可見食分及(香港)時間
2013/05/10 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2013/11/03 Hybrid 日全環食 --- ---
2014/04/29 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2014/10/23 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2015/03/20 Total 日全食 --- ---
2015/09/13 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2016/03/09 Total 日全食 Partial 日偏食 0.332 ; 08:58 HKT
2016/09/01 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2017/02/26 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2017/08/21 Total 日全食 --- ---

The next solar eclipse visible in Hong Kong occurs in 2016 and will be partial in the territory.

香港於 2016 年可見一次日偏食。

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Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答

The following links open in new windows. 以下連結於新頁開啟。

Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機

Our site now features a solar eclipse calculator that allows user to compute eclipse visibility information for any place on Earth. Please click on the link below to use this utility. 本站現已設立一日食計算機,各位可利用它來計算出地球上某地可觀看的日食資料。請按以下連結以使用該計算機。

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Eclipse times and information are based on Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA's solar eclipse page: here.

Last Accessed 最近訪問日期: Mon Sep 28 2020 21:15:21 HKT
Last Modified 最近修訂日期: Tue Dec 24 2013

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