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Astronomical Info / 天文資訊 > Special Events / 特別項目 > Total Lunar Eclipse of September 28th, 2015 | 2015 年 9 月 28 日之月全食 [Refresh 更新]

Quick info 快速資訊: Eclipse not visible in Hong Kong. 月食於香港不可見。

Quick links 快速連結:
- Live webcast 網上直播 - Information about the eclipse 是次月食資料
- Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況 - Future lunar eclipses 未來月食
- Lunar eclipse basic knowledge 月食基礎知識 - More eclipse info 更多日月食資訊

The eclipse has ended. 月食已結束。

Live webcast 網上直播

Please click on the links below for live webcast and descriptions of the event. All links (on the left panel) redirect you to external websites and open in new windows. Most channels are from the US or western Europe, where the eclipse takes place during the night of September 27/28 local time, or morning of September 28 Hong Kong Time.

請按下列連結以觀看網上直播及相關資訊。所有 (左方) 連結連至第三者網站並以新視窗開啟。大多數直播點於美國或西歐,當地月食時間為 9 月 27 至 28 日晚上,即香港時間 28 日早上。

Provider 提供者 Notes 備註
- Slooh.com

At Canary Islands, Spain 於西班牙加那利亞群島

- Griffith Observatory

At Los Angeles, USA 於美國洛杉磯

- Sky & Telescope
- Virtual Telescope
- Skycenter, University of Arizona At Tucson, USA 於美國圖森
- University of Barcelona At Barcelona, Spain 於西班牙巴塞隆拿

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Information about the eclipse 是次月食資料

This is the second total lunar eclipse in 2015, and is also the last of the 2014/15 tetrad. It is interesting to note that this is the first total eclipse since 1997 to take place on mid-autumn festival. The eclipse will be visible in its entirety in eastern North America, the whole of South America, western Europe and western Africa. Most of western North America will experience the event at moonrise, while eastern Europe, eastern Africa and western Asia will see the eclipse at moonset. This event is not visible in Oceania or central/eastern Asia.

此為 2015 年第二次月全食,亦為 2014/15 年間連續四次全食的最後一次,同時亦是自 1997 年以來首次於中秋節出現的月全食。北美洲東部、南美洲、西歐及西非將可見整個月食過程;北美洲西部大部分地區將見帶食月出,而東歐、東非及西亞則見帶食月落。是次月食於大洋洲及中東亞不可見。

Map courtesy of NASA 月食圖由美國太空總署提供

The following shows some general details about the eclipse:

下表列出是次月食的一般性資料 :

Eclipse series and characteristics
月食序列和特徵
Saros series number 沙羅序列號碼 137 (occurring at descending node 降交點月食)
Member in the series 序列中次數 28 out of 81 | 81 次中的第 28 次
Gamma 伽馬數 -0.3296 earth radii 地球半徑
Event
事件
Time in UTC/HKT
時間 (世界協調時 / 香港時間)
/
P1 - Moon enters Earth's penumbra (penumbral eclipse starts)
P1 - 月球進入地球的半影 (半影月食開始)
Sep 28 00:11:47 UTC; 08:11:47 HKT
U1 - Moon enters Earth's umbra (partial eclipse starts)
U1 - 月球進入地球的本影 (初虧,月偏食開始)
Sep 28 01:07:11 UTC; 09:07:11 HKT
U2 - Moon fully enters Earth's umbra (total eclipse starts)
U2 - 整個月球進入地球的本影 (食既,月全食開始)
Sep 28 02:11:10 UTC; 10:11:10 HKT

Greatest eclipse
食甚

Sep 28 02:47:08 UTC; 10:47:08 HKT
U3 - Moon starts to leave Earth's umbra (total eclipse ends)
U3 - 月球開始離開地球的本影 (生光,月全食結束)
Sep 28 03:23:05 UTC; 11:23:05 HKT

U4 - Moon fully leaves Earth's umbra (partial eclipse ends)
U4 - 整個月球離開地球的本影 (復圓,月偏食結束)

Sep 28 04:27:03 UTC; 12:27:03 HKT
P4 - Moon fully leaves Earth's penumbra (penumbral eclipse ends)
P4 - 整個月球離開地球的半影 (半影月食結束)
Sep 28 05:22:27 UTC; 13:22:27 HKT
Information at greatest eclipse
食甚 (食分最大) 時資料
Time 時間 Sep 28 02:47:08 UTC; 10:47:08 HKT
Penumbral Magnitude (P) and Umbral Magnitude (U) 半影食分 (P) 和本影食分 (U) P: 2.2296; U: 1.2764

All places that can observe this eclipse (no matter what the Moon's position is) will experience the aforementioned events in the times indicated above.

所有可以看見月食的地點均會在上述時間看見該等事件。

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Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況

This eclipse is not visible in Hong Kong.

是次月食於香港不可見。

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Future lunar eclipses 未來月食

Lunar eclipses in the next five years (click on the date to see the visible areas for that eclipse):

未來五年的月食資料 (請按下日期以觀看月食可見範圍) :

Date (UTC)
日期 (世界協調時)
Eclipse type
月食類型
Magnitude*
食分*
Eclipse type at HK
香港可見月食類型
Time of greatest eclipse
食甚時香港時間
2016/03/23 Penumbral 半影月食 P: 0.7747; U: -0.3118 Penumbral 半影月食 19:47
2016/09/16 Penumbral 半影月食 P: 0.9080; U: -0.0635 Penumbral 半影月食 09/17 02:54
2017/02/11 Penumbral 半影月食 P: 0.9884; U: -0.0354 Penumbral 半影月食 06:54 (moonset 月落)
2017/08/07 Partial 月偏食 P: 1.2886; U: 0.2464 Partial 月偏食 08/08 02:20
2018/01/31 Total 月全食 P: 2.2941; U: 1.3155 Total 月全食 21:30
2018/07/27 Total 月全食 P: 2.6792; U: 1.6087 Total 月全食 07/28 04:21
2019/01/21 Total 月全食 P: 2.1684; U: 1.1953 --- ---
2019/07/16 Partial 月偏食 P: 1.7037; U: 0.6531 Partial 月偏食 07/17 05:31
2020/01/10 Penumbral 半影月食 P: 0.8956; U: -0.1160 Penumbral 半影月食 01/11 03:10
2020/06/05 Penumbral 半影月食 P: 0.5683; U: -0.4053 Penumbral 半影月食 06/06 03:25
2020/07/05 Penumbral 半影月食 P: 0.3546; U: -0.6436 --- ---

* P represents penumbral magnitude while U represents umbral magnitude.
* P 和 U 分別代表半影食分和本影食分。

The next three lunar eclipses are all penumbral and will be visible in Hong Kong. The next partial eclipse will take place in August 2017, and is also visible in Hong Kong.

接下來的三次月食皆為半影食,均可於香港見到,而下一次月偏食會於 2017 年 8 月出現,同樣於香港可見。

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Lunar eclipse basic knowledge 月食基礎知識

The following information is quoted from Wikipedia. 以下資料摘自維基百科

A lunar eclipse occurs whenever the Moon passes through some portion of the Earth's shadow. This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle. Hence, there is always a full moon the night of a lunar eclipse. The type and length of an eclipse depend upon the Moon's location relative to its orbital nodes.

月食,又作月蝕,是當月球運行進入地球的陰影(本影部份)時,原本可被太陽光照亮的部份,有部份或全部不能被直射陽光照亮,使得位於地球的觀測者無法看到普通的月相的天文現象。月食發生時,太陽、地球、月球恰好或幾乎在同一條直線上,因此月食必定發生在滿月的晚上(農曆十五、十六、或十七)。地球陰影位於地球公轉軌道面(黃道面)內,此平面與月球軌道面(白道面)並不重合,黃白道面交角約5度;大多數滿月時,月球不在黃道面內,而是或偏北或偏南,不在地球陰影內,因此並不是每個滿月時,都發生月食。每年發生至少兩次月食。

The shadow of the Earth can be divided into two distinctive parts: the umbra and penumbra. Within the umbra, there is no direct solar radiation. However, as a result of the Sun's large angular size, solar illumination is only partially blocked in the outer portion of the Earth's shadow, which is given the name penumbra.

A penumbral eclipse occurs when the Moon passes through the Earth's penumbra. The penumbra does not cause any noticeable darkening of the Moon's surface, though some may argue it turns a little yellow. A special type of penumbral eclipse is a total penumbral eclipse, during which the Moon lies exclusively within the Earth's penumbra. Total penumbral eclipses are rare, and when these occur, that portion of the Moon which is closest to the umbra can appear somewhat darker than the rest of the Moon.

A partial lunar eclipse occurs when only a portion of the Moon enters the umbra. When the Moon travels completely into the Earth's umbra, one observes a total lunar eclipse. The Moon's speed through the shadow is about one kilometer per second (2,300 mph), and totality may last up to nearly 107 minutes. Nevertheless, the total time between the Moon's first and last contact with the shadow is much longer, and could last up to 3.8 hours. The relative distance of the Moon from the Earth at the time of an eclipse can affect the eclipse's duration. In particular, when the Moon is near its apogee, the farthest point from the Earth in its orbit, its orbital speed is the slowest. The diameter of the umbra does not decrease much with distance. Thus, a totally-eclipsed Moon occurring near apogee will lengthen the duration of totality.

The Moon does not completely disappear as it passes through the umbra because of the refraction of sunlight by the Earth's atmosphere into the shadow cone; if the Earth had no atmosphere, the Moon would be completely dark during an eclipse. The red colouring arises because sunlight reaching the Moon must pass through a long and dense layer of the Earth's atmosphere, where it is scattered. Shorter wavelengths are more likely to be scattered by the small particles, and so by the time the light has passed through the atmosphere, the longer wavelengths dominate. This resulting light we perceive as red. This is the same effect that causes sunsets and sunrises to turn the sky a reddish colour; an alternative way of considering the problem is to realise that, as viewed from the Moon, the Sun would appear to be setting (or rising) behind the Earth.

The amount of refracted light depends on the amount of dust or clouds in the atmosphere; this also controls how much light is scattered. In general, the dustier the atmosphere, the more that other wavelengths of light will be removed (compared to red light), leaving the resulting light a deeper red colour. This causes the resulting coppery-red hue of the Moon to vary from one eclipse to the next. Volcanoes are notable for expelling large quantities of dust into the atmosphere, and a large eruption shortly before an eclipse can have a large effect on the resulting colour.

月食有三種類型:

由於地球的本影比月球大得多,這也意味著在發生月全食時,月球會完全進入地球的本影區內,所以不會出現月環食這種現象。

月食過程:

  1. 半影食始:月球剛剛和半影區接觸,這時月球表面光度略為減少,但肉眼較難覺察。
  2. 初虧:月球由東緣慢慢進入地影,月球與地球本影第一次外切。
  3. 食既:月球進入地球本影,並與本影第一次內切。
  4. 食甚:月圓面中心與地球本影中心最接近的瞬間,此時前後月球表面呈紅銅色或暗紅色。(原因:大陽光經過地球大氣層時發生折射,使光線向內側偏折,但每種光的偏折程度不一樣(色散),紅光偏折程度最大,最接近地球陰影,映在月球上;此外,由於大氣層的灰塵及雲的含量與位置不同,光線偏折程度會有不同,因此月全食時的月球是暗紅、紅銅、或橙色的。同樣的道理,由於大氣層的折射,朝陽與夕陽不是白色的,而根據高度因為大氣折射程度不同,呈現橙色或紅色。)
  5. 生光:月球在地球本影內移動,並與地球本影第二次內切。
  6. 復圓:月球逐漸離開地球本影,與地球本影第二次外切。
  7. 半影食終:月球離開半影,整個月食過程正式完結。

月偏食沒有食既、生光過程,食甚也只表示最接近地球陰影的時刻。

Please read the Wikipedia article for more. 欲得到更多資料,請瀏覽相關條目

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More eclipse info 更多日月食資訊

For more information on eclipses, visit our "Eclipse Q&A" section (total 3 pages) and "Eclipse Dates and Numbers - Lunar Eclipse".

如欲得知更多有關日月食的資訊,請到本網的 "日月食問與答" 一節 (共三頁) 和 "月食日期和數字"。


Eclipse times and information are based on Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA's lunar eclipse page: here.

Last Accessed 最近訪問日期: Mon Sep 28 2020 20:15:58 HKT
Last Modified 最近修訂日期: Sun Jul 16 2017

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