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Astronomical Info / 天文資訊 > Special Events / 特別項目 > Total Solar Eclipse of March 9th, 2016 | 2016 年 3 月 9 日之日全食 [Refresh 更新]

Quick info 快速資訊: Eclipse time (partial) at Hong Kong 香港可見日偏食時間 : 2016/03/09 08:05 - 09:56 HKT

Quick links 快速連結:
- Live webcast 網上直播 - Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料
- Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況 - Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況
- Future solar eclipses 未來日食 - Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答
- Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機 - Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

The eclipse has ended. 日食已結束。

Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 March 9 -- Shadow of the Moon

Animated visible satellite images, 08:00 HKT to 12:30 HKT 可見光衛星動畫圖,香港時間早上八時至下午十二時半

Live webcast 網上直播

Please click on the links below for live webcast. All links redirect you to external websites and open in new windows unless stated otherwise. 請按下列連結以觀看網上直播。除非另作說明,所有連結連至第三者網站並以新視窗開啟。

Live Webcast 網上直播

- Hong Kong Observatory 香港天文台

- Exploratorium (At Woleai Atoll, Totality between 9:38 and 9:42 am HKT 於沃萊艾環礁,全食時間為香港時間上午 9:38 至 9:42)

- Slooh

- Panasonic

- NASA TV (Click on "Education" channel on the page 請於頁面點選 "Education" 頻道)

Eclipse Simulation 日食模擬
- Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

This simulation, provided by HKWW, presents to you the local conditions at cities in the eclipse zone during the eclipse. The page is set to refresh once every ten minutes but images are redrawn minute-by-minute. Press F5 to refresh your screen manually.

該日食模擬由本站提供,顯示全球可見日食地區的太陽 / 月球之相對位置。該頁每 10 分鐘重新整理一次,但圖像則於每分鐘更新;請按 F5 鍵以手動重新整理頁面。

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Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料

A total solar eclipse will occur on March 9 in southeastern Asia and the Pacific Ocean. The path of totality strikes Earth near 00:15 UTC (08:15 HKT) in the Indian Ocean, after which it moves east and crosses Indonesia over the next 45 minutes. It then enters the Pacific Ocean near 01:00 UTC (09:00 HKT), turning northeast gradually and will never reach significant landmass again. The umbral path will just miss Wake Island around 02:50 UTC (10:50 HKT), and cross the dateline near 03:15 UTC (11:15 HKT) as it turns east once more. The shadow will lift off our planet near 03:35 UTC (11:35 HKT) some 1,700 km northeast of Hawaii as the region sees sunset at that time.

Indonesia and Micronesia are the only countries that lie within the path of totality. Partial eclipse can however be seen across a much larger region, including most of east and southeast Asia, as well as northern and central Australia. Many islands in the Pacific Ocean are also included in this list.

一次日全食將於 3 月 9 日在東南亞及太平洋發生。全食帶於世界協調時約 00:15 (香港時間 08:15) 進入地球,於印度洋東移並於其後 45 分鐘橫過印尼。此後,全食帶會於世界協調時約 01:00 (香港時間 09:00) 進入太平洋,路徑漸趨東北,並將不再經過大陸。本影區會於世界協調時約 02:50 (香港時間 10:50) 掠過威克島附近海域,繼而於約 03:15 (香港時間 11:15) 橫跨國際換日線,進入西半球。全食路徑將再次轉為偏東,最後於世界協調時約 03:35 (香港時間 11:35) 在夏威夷東北約 1,700 公里處、隨該地日落而離開地球。

全食帶經過的國家只有印尼及米克羅尼西亞,但東南亞及東亞廣泛地區、澳洲中北部及眾多太平洋島嶼將可見偏食。



The following shows some general details about the eclipse:

下表列出是次日食的一般性資料 :

Eclipse series and characteristics
日食序列和特徵
Saros series number 沙羅序列號碼 130 (occurring at Moon's descending node 降交點日食)
Member in the series 序列中次數 52 out of 73 | 73 次中的第 52 次
Gamma 伽馬數 0.2609 earth radii 地球半徑
Event
事件
Time in UTC/HKT on March 8/9
3 月 8/9 日世界協調時 / 香港時間
P1 - Penumbral cone starts to strike Earth (partial eclipse on Earth starts)
P1 - 半影區到達地球 (日偏食開始)
Mar 8 23:19:20 / Mar 9 07:19:20
U1 - Umbra starts to strike Earth (total eclipse on Earth starts)
U1 - 本影區到達地球 (日全食開始)
Mar 9 00:15:57 / 08:15:57

U2 - Umbra fully strikes Earth
U2 - 整個本影區到達地球

00:17:29 / 08:17:29
P2 - Penumbral cone fully strikes Earth
P2 - 整個半影區到達地球
01:17:40 / 09:17:40
P3 - Penumbral cone starts to leave Earth
P3 - 半影區開始離開地球
02:36:30 / 10:36:30

U3 - Umbra starts to leave Earth
U3 - 本影區開始離開地球

03:36:45 / 11:36:45
U4 - Umbra fully leaves Earth (total eclipse on Earth ends)
U4 - 整個本影區離開地球 (日全食結束)
03:38:20 / 11:38:20
P4 - Penumbral cone fully leaves Earth (partial eclipse on Earth ends)
P4 - 整個半影區離開地球 (日偏食結束)
04:34:55 / 12:34:55
Information at greatest eclipse (i.e. when the axis of the Moon's shadow cone is closest to the Earth's centre)
最大食時資料 (即月影軸最近地心一刻)
Location 位置 10°07.3' N, 148°47.6' E (in NW Pacific Ocean 在西北太平洋)
Time 時間 Mar 9 01:57:11 UTC / 09:57:11 HKT
Magnitude 食分 1.0450
Duration of totality 全食持續時間 4' 09.5''
Width of totality 全食徑寬度 155.1 km 公里
Solar Altitude and Azimuth 該位置的太陽高度和方位角 Altitude 高度: 74.8° ; Azimuth 方位角: 162.5° (SSE 東南偏南)

Note that unlike lunar eclipse, not all places experience these times as the moon moves across the sky (and so does its shadow). They serve to show the times at which there exists at least a location on Earth that can experience those events.

不同於月食,由於月球和它的影子在地球上不是靜止不動,不同的地方將於不同的時間見到日食。以上的一般性資料為全球性資訊;它們並不代表某個地方的日食時間。

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Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況

Weather permitting, observers in Hong Kong will be able to see a partial eclipse in the morning. The sun will already be at some angle against the horizon at ingress, but can still be blocked by tall buildings. It is therefore suggested to observe the partial eclipse at locations not excessively obscured to the east-southeast.

如天氣許可,市民將可於當天早上看到一次日偏食。雖然初虧時太陽已離地平線一定角度,但仍能被較高建築物遮蔽,因此建議觀測者到東南偏東方向沒有太多阻擋的地方觀賞是次日食。

Eclipse animation 日食動畫:

Figures and Tables 圖表:

Event for Hong Kong
在香港看到的事件
Time in HKT on 2016/03/09
2016 年 3 月 9 日香港時間
Solar Altitude and Azimuth
太陽的高度和方位角
First contact (partial eclipse starts)
初虧 (日偏食開始)
08:05 Altitude 高度 : 19°
Azimuth 方位角 : 103° (ESE 東南偏東)
Greatest eclipse
食甚
08:58 Altitude 高度 : 31°
Azimuth 方位角 : 110° (ESE 東南偏東)
Fourth contact (partial eclipse ends)
復圓 (日偏食結束)
09:56 Altitude 高度 : 43°
Azimuth 方位角 : 120° (ESE 東南偏東)
Information at greatest magnitude for Hong Kong
香港最大食分時資料
Type 類型 Partial 日偏食
Time 時間 08:58 HKT
Direction of shadow 月球影子方向 Entering from the Sun's right hand side, leaving from the bottom
由太陽右方進入,下方離開
Magnitude 食分 0.331
Obscuration 掩蓋面積比 0.220

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Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況

The path of totality passes through the following major countries/regions (areas where the path only briefly passes through are not included):

全食帶經過以下主要國家和地區 (不包含食帶只剛剛擦過的地點) :

The following table lists the circumstances for some major cities where the eclipse can be observed:

下表顯示部分可觀是次日食城市的概況 :

Location
地點
Lcl time zone
當地時區
Eclipse starts/Sunrise
日食開始/日出
Central starts
中心食開始
Max eclipse
食甚
Central ends
中心食完結
Eclipse ends/Sunset
日食完結/日落
GE alt
食甚高度
GE azi
食甚方位角
Mag
食分
Obs
面積比
Central duration
中心食長度
Local Date March 9 當地時間 3 月 9 日
Kolkata (India)
加爾各答 (印度)
+5.5 hr 08:20:51 R
[05:50:51 R]
--- 08:36:55
[06:06:55]
--- 09:20:17
[06:50:17]
2.9° 96.0° 0.294 0.184 ---
Colombo (Sri Lanka)
哥林堡 (斯里蘭卡)
+5.5 hr 08:49:59 R
[06:19:59 R]
--- --- --- 09:16:47
[06:46:47]
-0.8° 94.3° 0.439 0.328 ---
Dhaka (Bangladesh)
達卡 (孟加拉)
+6 hr 08:13:11 R
[06:13:11 R]
--- 08:38:58
[06:38:58]
--- 09:21:04
[07:21:04]
5.0° 97.1° 0.262 0.156 ---
Bangkok (Thailand)
曼谷 (泰國)
+7 hr 07:39:01
[06:39:01]
--- 08:32:42
[07:32:42]
--- 09:32:36
[08:32:36]
14.6° 98.4° 0.518 0.415 ---
Hanoi (Vietnam)
河內 (越南)
+7 hr 07:56:57
[06:56:57]
--- 08:46:00
[07:46:00]
--- 09:39:51
[08:39:51]
21.2° 103.7° 0.335 0.223 ---
Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)
胡志明市 (越南)
+7 hr 07:35:15
[06:35:15]
--- 08:34:16
[07:34:16]
--- 09:41:03
[08:41:03]
21.2° 99.1° 0.610 0.522 ---
Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
吉隆坡 (馬來西亞)
+8 hr 07:24:20
[07:24:20]
--- 08:23:41
[08:23:41]
--- 09:30:58
[09:30:58]
14.7° 95.4° 0.831 0.794 ---
Singapore (Singapore)
新加坡 (新加坡)
+8 hr 07:22:57
[07:22:57]
--- 08:23:43
[08:23:43]
--- 09:32:53
[09:32:53]
17.0° 95.0° 0.889 0.868 ---
Medan (Indonesia)
棉蘭 (印尼)
+7 hr 07:33:38 R
[06:33:38 R]
--- 08:22:24
[07:22:24]
--- 09:27:34
[08:27:34]
11.3° 95.2° 0.817 0.777 ---
Palembang (Indonesia)
巨港 (印尼)
+7 hr 07:20:27
[06:20:27]
08:20:46 T
[07:20:46 T]
08:21:41
[07:21:41]
08:22:37 T
[07:22:37 T]
09:31:23
[08:31:23]
17.7° 93.7° 1.032 1.000 1 min 51 sec
Jakarta (Indonesia)
雅加達 (印尼)
+7 hr 07:19:49
[06:19:49]
--- 08:21:27
[07:21:27]
--- 09:31:35
[08:31:35]
19.8° 92.5° 0.907 0.891 ---
Palu (Indonesia)
帕盧 (印尼)
+8 hr 07:27:46
[07:27:46]
08:37:42 T
[08:37:42 T]
08:38:43
[08:38:43]
08:39:44 T
[08:39:44 T]
10:00:25
[10:00:25]
36.8° 94.8° 1.038 1.000 2 min 2 sec
Dili (East Timor)
帝力 (東帝汶)
+9 hr 07:30:04
[08:30:04]
--- 08:41:17
[09:41:17]
--- 10:02:15
[11:02:15]
43.4° 88.0° 0.758 0.703 ---
Manila (Philippines)
馬尼拉 (菲律賓)
+8 hr 07:51:08
[07:51:08]
--- 08:58:24
[08:58:24]
--- 10:14:16
[10:14:16]
39.6° 108.6° 0.567 0.472 ---
Davao City (Philippines)
達沃市 (菲律賓)
+8 hr 07:41:45
[07:41:45]
--- 08:57:04
[08:57:04]
--- 10:22:53
[10:22:53]
45.8° 103.8° 0.809 0.768 ---
Lhasa (China)
拉薩 (中國)
+8 hr 08:18:46
[08:18:46]
--- 08:47:23
[08:47:23]
--- 09:17:17
[09:17:17]
6.7° 99.0° 0.121 0.050 ---
Chongqing (China)
重慶 (中國)
+8 hr 08:25:02
[08:25:02]
--- 08:59:28
[08:59:28]
--- 09:35:49
[09:35:49]
22.3° 109.2° 0.137 0.060 ---
Kunming (China)
昆明 (中國)
+8 hr 08:07:10
[08:07:10]
--- 08:48:36
[08:48:36]
--- 09:33:15
[09:33:15]
18.0° 103.9° 0.232 0.130 ---
Haikou (China)
海口 (中國)
+8 hr 07:56:37
[07:56:37]
--- 08:49:45
[08:49:45]
--- 09:48:32
[09:48:32]
26.3° 105.8° 0.372 0.259 ---
Guangzhou (China)
廣州 (中國)
+8 hr 08:07:07
[08:07:07]
--- 08:58:12
[08:58:12]
--- 09:54:09
[09:54:09]
29.9° 110.0° 0.307 0.197 ---
Hong Kong (China)
香港 (中國)
+8 hr 08:05:18
[08:05:18]
--- 08:58:19
[08:58:19]
--- 09:56:35
[09:56:35]
31.0° 110.0° 0.331 0.220 ---
Xiamen (China)
廈門 (中國)
+8 hr 08:14:49
[08:14:49]
--- 09:07:58
[09:07:58]
--- 10:05:51
[10:05:51]
35.5° 115.4° 0.301 0.191 ---
Wuhan (China)
武漢 (中國)
+8 hr 08:33:36
[08:33:36]
--- 09:11:26
[09:11:26]
--- 09:51:23
[09:51:23]
30.5° 116.8° 0.145 0.066 ---
Shanghai (China)
上海 (中國)
+8 hr 08:41:03
[08:41:03]
--- 09:24:36
[09:24:36]
--- 10:10:33
[10:10:33]
37.8° 125.7° 0.174 0.086 ---
Taipei (Taiwan)
台北 (台灣)
+8 hr 08:19:36
[08:19:36]
--- 09:15:07
[09:15:07]
--- 10:15:23
[10:15:23]
39.4° 119.6° 0.310 0.199 ---
Busan (S Korea)
釜山 (南韓)
+9 hr 09:01:49
[10:01:49]
--- 09:45:22
[10:45:22]
--- 10:30:22
[11:30:22]
42.9° 141.5° 0.158 0.074 ---
Naha (Japan)
那霸 (日本)
+9 hr 08:28:58
[09:28:58]
--- 09:29:18
[10:29:18]
--- 10:33:56
[11:33:56]
46.0° 129.3° 0.335 0.223 ---
Kagoshima (Japan)
鹿兒島 (日本)
+9 hr 08:49:41
[09:49:41]
--- 09:43:28
[10:43:28]
--- 10:39:38
[11:39:38]
46.2° 140.5° 0.246 0.142 ---
Osaka (Japan)
大阪 (日本)
+9 hr 09:05:01
[10:05:01]
--- 09:58:15
[10:58:15]
--- 10:52:47
[11:52:47]
47.6° 153.5° 0.232 0.131 ---
Tokyo (Japan)
東京 (日本)
+9 hr 09:12:13
[10:12:13]
--- 10:08:22
[11:08:22]
--- 11:05:09
[12:05:09]
48.7° 163.5° 0.258 0.153 ---
Iwo Jima (Japan)
硫磺島 (日本)
+9 hr 08:41:55
[09:41:55]
--- 09:59:07
[10:59:07]
--- 11:18:08
[12:18:08]
58.8° 157.4° 0.527 0.426 ---
Alice Springs (Australia)
愛麗斯泉 (澳洲)
+9.5 hr 07:59:28
[09:29:28]
--- 08:46:16
[10:16:16]
--- 09:36:00
[11:06:00]
49.3° 67.6° 0.210 0.113 ---
Darwin (Australia)
達爾文 (澳洲)
+9.5 hr 07:37:25
[09:07:25]
--- 08:47:08
[10:17:08]
--- 10:04:58
[11:34:58]
49.6° 82.0° 0.593 0.503 ---
Cairns (Australia)
凱恩斯 (澳洲)
+10 hr 08:12:42
[10:12:42]
--- 09:12:27
[11:12:27]
--- 10:15:07
[12:15:07]
67.7° 57.8° 0.286 0.178 ---
Port Moresby (Papua New Guinea)
莫士比港 (巴布亞新幾內亞)
+10 hr 08:08:21
[10:08:21]
--- 09:24:01
[11:24:01]
--- 10:43:25
[12:43:25]
74.8° 71.3° 0.487 0.381 ---
Honiara (Solomon Islands)
霍尼亞拉 (所羅門群島)
+11 hr 08:51:11
[11:51:11]
--- 09:55:51
[12:55:51]
--- 10:59:28
[13:59:28]
82.0° 308.6° 0.282 0.174 ---
Hagatna (Guam, USA)
阿加尼亞 (關島, 美國)
+10 hr 08:21:51
[10:21:51]
--- 09:51:39
[11:51:39]
--- 11:23:57
[13:23:57]
69.6° 150.3° 0.867 0.842 ---
Majuro (Marshall Islands)
馬久羅 (馬紹爾群島)
+12 hr 09:27:02
[13:27:02]
--- 10:48:11
[14:48:11]
--- 12:01:30
[16:01:30]
57.3° 250.4° 0.565 0.470 ---
Wake Island (USA)
威克島 (美國)
+12 hr 09:22:20
[13:22:20]
--- 10:51:20
[14:51:20]
--- 12:12:03
[16:12:03]
54.6° 230.9° 0.992 0.996 ---
Local Date March 8 當地時間 3 月 8 日
Midway Island (USA)
中途島 (美國)
-11 hr 10:04:00
[15:04:00]
--- 11:20:40
[16:20:40]
--- 12:29:08
[17:29:08]
31.8° 244.3° 0.971 0.972 ---
Honolulu (HI, USA)
檀香山 (美國)
-10 hr 10:33:23
[16:33:23]
--- 11:36:32
[17:36:32]
--- 12:33:16
[18:33:16]
13.5° 259.8° 0.703 0.633 ---
Anchorage (AK, USA)
安克雷奇 (美國)
-9 hr 10:38:09
[17:38:09]
--- 11:12:26
[18:12:26]
--- 11:45:21 S
[18:45:21 S]
3.0° 255.2° 0.187 0.095 ---

Notes 備註 :

  1. A solar eclipse always starts as partial eclipse starts or at sunrise, and always ends as partial eclipse finishes or at sunset. 日食必會於日出或初虧時開始,而於日落或復圓時結束。
  2. Time of maximum eclipse is not shown if an observer at that location can only see less than half of the eclipse; such places must experience maximum eclipse at sunrise or sunset. 如某地只見到少於一半日食過程,食甚時間必為日出或日落,因此不再另外顯示。
  3. For each time, the first line refers to HKT and the second line local time; daylight saving has been accounted for. 首行時間為香港時間;次行時間為當地時間 (已包含日光節約時間)
  4. Abbreviations: "R" = Sunrise; "A" = Annular eclipse; "T" = Total eclipse; "S" = Sunset. 縮寫 : "R" = 日出; "A" = 環食; "T" = 全食; "S" = 日落。
  5. Central eclipse refers to totality or annularity. 中心食即全食或環食階段。

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Future solar eclipses 未來日食

Solar eclipses in the next five years (click on the date to see the eclipse path):

未來五年的日食資料 (請按下日期以觀看日食路徑) :

Date (UTC)
日期 (世界協調時)
Eclipse type
日食類型
Eclipse type at HK
香港可見日食類型
Magnitude at HK and time
香港可見食分及(香港)時間
2016/09/01 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2017/02/26 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2017/08/21 Total 日全食 --- ---
2018/02/15 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2018/07/13 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2018/08/11 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2019/01/06 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2019/07/02 Total 日全食 --- ---
2019/12/26 Annular 日環食 Partial 日偏食 0.462 ; 13:55 HKT
2020/06/21 Annular 日環食 Partial 日偏食 0.891 ; 16:08 HKT
2020/12/14 Total 日全食 --- ---

The next solar eclipse visible in Hong Kong occurs in late 2019, and a partial eclipse of very high magnitude will take place in 2020.

下一次於香港能見到的日食會於 2019 年底發生,而 2020 年更將有一次大食分的日偏食。

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Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答

The following links open in new windows. 以下連結於新頁開啟。

Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機

Our site now features a solar eclipse calculator that allows user to compute eclipse visibility information for any place on Earth. Please click on the link below to use this utility. 本站現已設立一日食計算機,各位可利用它來計算出地球上某地可觀看的日食資料。請按以下連結以使用該計算機。

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Eclipse times and information are based on Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA's solar eclipse page: here.

Last Accessed 最近訪問日期: Mon Sep 28 2020 20:39:04 HKT
Last Modified 最近修訂日期: Wed Mar 09 2016

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