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Astronomical Info / 天文資訊 > Special Events / 特別項目 > Annular Solar Eclipse of September 1st, 2016 | 2016 年 9 月 1 日之日環食 [Refresh 更新]

Quick info 快速資訊: Eclipse not visible in Hong Kong. 是次日食於香港不可見。

Quick links 快速連結:
- Live webcast 網上直播 - Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料
- Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況 - Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況
- Future solar eclipses 未來日食 - Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答
- Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機 - Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

The eclipse has ended. 日食已結束。

Live webcast 網上直播

Please click on the links below for live webcast. All links redirect you to external websites and open in new windows unless stated otherwise. 請按下列連結以觀看網上直播。除非另作說明,所有連結連至第三者網站並以新視窗開啟。

Live Webcast 網上直播

- Observatoire de Paris 巴黎天文台 (at Réunion, maximum eclipse near 10:09 UTC / 18:09 HKT 於留尼旺,食甚約世界協調時 10:09 / 香港時間 18:09 發生)


- Astronomical Society of Southern Africa 南非天文學會 (several places in Africa 於非洲數個地點)

- Slooh

Eclipse Simulation 日食模擬
- Global Solar Eclipse Simulation 全球日食模擬

This simulation, provided by HKWW, presents to you the local conditions at cities in the eclipse zone during the eclipse. The page is set to refresh once every ten minutes but images are redrawn minute-by-minute. Press F5 to refresh your screen manually.

該日食模擬由本站提供,顯示全球可見日食地區的太陽 / 月球之相對位置。該頁每 10 分鐘重新整理一次,但圖像則於每分鐘更新;請按 F5 鍵以手動重新整理頁面。

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Information about the eclipse 是次日食資料

An annular eclipse of the sun will occur on September 1 this year in Africa and the Indian Ocean. The path of annularity will strike Earth near 07:15 UTC (15:15 HKT) that day in the northeastern part of the South Alantic Ocean, moving east quickly and reaching Gabon in western Africa near 07:40 UTC (15:40 HKT). The path will then turn east-southeast gradually, crossing several countries in central Africa. It will leave the continent near 09:20 UTC (17:20 HKT) and cross the Mozambique Channel, before reaching Madagascar and later Réunion. These will be the final significant landmasses the antumbra will pass through. The antumbra will enter the South Indian Ocean near 09:50 UTC (17:50 HKT), still moving east-southeast. It will leave the planet at around 10:55 UTC (18:55 HKT) as the sun sets in the seas just west of Australia.

Partial eclipse can be seen across a larger region; observers in pretty much the whole Africa will see partial eclipse of various degrees.

一次日環食將於 9 月 1 日在非洲及印度洋發生。環食帶於世界協調時約 07:15 (香港時間 15:15) 進入地球,於南大西洋東北部快速東移並於約 07:40 (香港時間 15:40) 到達西非國家加蓬。其後環食帶開始向東南偏東移,掠過中非數個國家,並於約 09:20 (香港時間 17:20) 離開非洲大陸。偽本影區隨後橫過莫桑比克海峽,到達馬達加斯加及留尼旺島;該地將是環食帶最後經過的陸地。環食帶於約 09:50 (香港時間 17:50) 進入南印度洋,並繼續向東南偏東移動。隨著澳洲以西日落,偽本影將於約 10:55 (香港時間 18:55) 離開地球。

可見日偏食範圍較廣;幾乎整個非洲均可見不同程度的偏食。


Click here for image sequence player 按此顯示圖像序列播放器

The following shows some general details about the eclipse:

下表列出是次日食的一般性資料 :

Eclipse series and characteristics
日食序列和特徵
Saros series number 沙羅序列號碼 135 (occurring at Moon's ascending node 升交點日食)
Member in the series 序列中次數 39 out of 71 | 71 次中的第 39 次
Gamma 伽馬數 -0.3330 earth radii 地球半徑
Event
事件
Time in UTC/HKT on September 1
9 月 1 日世界協調時 / 香港時間
P1 - Penumbral cone starts to strike Earth (partial eclipse on Earth starts)
P1 - 半影區到達地球 (日偏食開始)
06:13:08 / 14:13:08
U1 - Antumbra starts to strike Earth (annular eclipse on Earth starts)
U1 - 偽本影區到達地球 (日環食開始)
07:17:49 / 15:17:49

U2 - Antumbra fully strikes Earth
U2 - 整個偽本影區到達地球

07:20:37 / 15:20:37
P2 - Penumbral cone fully strikes Earth
P2 - 整個半影區到達地球
08:33:51 / 16:33:51
P3 - Penumbral cone starts to leave Earth
P3 - 半影區開始離開地球
09:39:36 / 17:39:36

U3 - Antumbra starts to leave Earth
U3 - 偽本影區開始離開地球

10:53:00 / 18:53:00
U4 - Antumbra fully leaves Earth (annular eclipse on Earth ends)
U4 - 整個偽本影區離開地球 (日環食結束)
10:55:53 / 18:55:53
P4 - Penumbral cone fully leaves Earth (partial eclipse on Earth ends)
P4 - 整個半影區離開地球 (日偏食結束)
12:00:40 / 20:00:40
Information at greatest eclipse (i.e. when the axis of the Moon's shadow cone is closest to the Earth's centre)
最大食時資料 (即月影軸最近地心一刻)
Location 位置 10°40.9' S, 37°45.7' E (in southern Tanzania 於坦桑尼亞南部)
Time 時間 Sep 1 09:06:53 UTC / 17:06:53 HKT
Magnitude 食分 0.9736
Duration of annularity 環食持續時間 3' 05.6''
Width of annularity 環食徑寬度 99.7 km 公里
Solar Altitude and Azimuth 該位置的太陽高度和方位角 Altitude 高度: 70.5° ; Azimuth 方位角: 016.4° (NNE 東北偏北)

Note that unlike lunar eclipse, not all places experience these times as the moon moves across the sky (and so does its shadow). They serve to show the times at which there exists at least a location on Earth that can experience those events.

不同於月食,由於月球和它的影子在地球上不是靜止不動,不同的地方將於不同的時間見到日食。以上的一般性資料為全球性資訊;它們並不代表某個地方的日食時間。

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Local (HK) circumstances 本地 (香港) 情況

This eclipse will not be visible in Hong Kong.

這次日食於香港將不可見。

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Circumstances for major cities 各大城市日食概況

The path of annularity passes through the following major countries/regions (areas where the path only briefly passes through are not included):

環食帶經過以下主要國家和地區 (不包含食帶只剛剛擦過的地點) :

The following table lists the circumstances for some major cities where the eclipse can be observed:

下表顯示部分可觀是次日食城市的概況 :

Location
地點
Lcl time zone
當地時區
Eclipse starts/Sunrise
日食開始/日出
Central starts
中心食開始
Max eclipse
食甚
Central ends
中心食完結
Eclipse ends/Sunset
日食完結/日落
GE alt
食甚高度
GE azi
食甚方位角
Mag
食分
Obs
面積比
Central duration
中心食長度
Local Date September 1 當地時間 9 月 1 日
Georgetown (Ascension)
喬治敦 (阿森松島)
+0 hr 14:58:44 R
[06:58:44 R]
--- 15:23:20
[07:23:20]
--- 16:36:58
[08:36:58]
5.2° 81.1° 0.822 0.764 ---
Nouakchott (Mauritania)
努瓦克肖特 (毛里塔尼亞)
+0 hr 14:49:43 R
[06:49:43 R]
--- 15:15:35
[07:15:35]
--- 16:09:13
[08:09:13]
5.3° 83.2° 0.361 0.243 ---
Dakar (Senegal)
達喀爾 (塞內加爾)
+0 hr 14:57:43 R
[06:57:43 R]
--- 15:15:07
[07:15:07]
--- 16:13:23
[08:13:23]
3.3° 82.5° 0.457 0.341 ---
Praia (Cape Verde)
普拉亞 (佛德角)
-1 hr 15:21:51 R
[06:21:51 R]
--- --- --- 16:09:16
[07:09:16]
-0.8° 81.4° 0.416 0.298 ---
Conakry (Guinea)
科納克里 (幾內亞)
+0 hr 14:45:55 R
[06:45:55 R]
--- 15:15:43
[07:15:43]
--- 16:23:14
[08:23:14]
6.4° 82.8° 0.628 0.531 ---
Freetown (Sierra Leone)
弗里敦 (塞拉利昂)
+0 hr 14:44:46 R
[06:44:46 R]
--- 15:15:58
[07:15:58]
--- 16:24:51
[08:24:51]
6.8° 82.8° 0.661 0.569 ---
Monrovia (Liberia)
蒙羅維亞 (利比里亞)
+0 hr 14:36:04 R
[06:36:04 R]
--- 15:17:08
[07:17:08]
--- 16:29:56
[08:29:56]
9.3° 82.8° 0.734 0.657 ---
Bamako (Mali)
巴馬科 (馬里)
+0 hr 14:21:12 R
[06:21:12 R]
--- 15:17:07
[07:17:07]
--- 16:25:27
[08:25:27]
12.7° 84.4° 0.550 0.443 ---
Abidjan (Ivory Coast)
阿比讓 (科特迪瓦)
+0 hr 14:13:11
[06:13:11]
--- 15:20:47
[07:20:47]
--- 16:40:28
[08:40:28]
16.7° 83.1° 0.781 0.714 ---
Accra (Ghana)
阿克拉 (加納)
+0 hr 14:13:27
[06:13:27]
--- 15:23:35
[07:23:35]
--- 16:46:51
[08:46:51]
21.2° 83.5° 0.780 0.714 ---
Niamey (Niger)
尼亞美 (尼日爾)
+1 hr 14:18:17
[07:18:17]
--- 15:23:19
[08:23:19]
--- 16:38:51
[09:38:51]
24.1° 87.1° 0.540 0.432 ---
Abuja (Nigeria)
阿布賈 (尼日利亞)
+1 hr 14:16:45
[07:16:45]
--- 15:30:06
[08:30:06]
--- 16:57:20
[09:57:20]
30.7° 85.9° 0.675 0.588 ---
Lagos (Nigeria)
拉各斯 (尼日利亞)
+1 hr 14:14:22
[07:14:22]
--- 15:26:38
[08:26:38]
--- 16:52:48
[09:52:48]
25.6° 84.1° 0.756 0.684 ---
Yaounde (Cameroon)
雅溫得 (喀麥隆)
+1 hr 14:18:14
[07:18:14]
--- 15:38:48
[08:38:48]
--- 17:16:07
[10:16:07]
36.4° 82.8° 0.824 0.768 ---
Libreville (Gabon)
利伯維爾 (加蓬)
+1 hr 14:17:58
[07:17:58]
--- 15:38:17
[08:38:17]
--- 17:15:47
[10:15:47]
33.7° 80.5° 0.930 0.898 ---
Kinshasa (DR Congo)
金沙薩 (剛果民主共和國)
+1 hr 14:26:21
[07:26:21]
--- 15:53:48
[08:53:48]
--- 17:39:41
[10:39:41]
42.3° 75.0° 0.924 0.892 ---
Mbandaka (DR Congo)
姆班達卡 (剛果民主共和國)
+1 hr 14:25:48
[07:25:48]
--- 15:55:03
[08:55:03]
--- 17:42:16
[10:42:16]
46.4° 78.3° 0.908 0.873 ---
Kananga (DR Congo)
卡南加 (剛果民主共和國)
+1 hr 14:36:53
[07:36:53]
--- 16:12:55
[09:12:55]
--- 18:05:40
[11:05:40]
53.0° 68.2° 0.927 0.896 ---
Kisangani (DR Congo)
基桑加尼 (剛果民主共和國)
+2 hr 14:34:57
[08:34:57]
--- 16:11:04
[10:11:04]
--- 18:02:45
[12:02:45]
57.2° 75.8° 0.846 0.797 ---
Lusaka (Zambia)
盧薩卡 (贊比亞)
+2 hr 15:03:41
[09:03:41]
--- 16:45:36
[10:45:36]
--- 18:36:33
[12:36:33]
59.1° 42.0° 0.743 0.671 ---
Luanda (Angola)
羅安達 (安哥拉)
+1 hr 14:30:01
[07:30:01]
--- 15:55:06
[08:55:06]
--- 17:37:58
[10:37:58]
39.3° 71.9° 0.793 0.730 ---
Windhoek (Namibia)
溫得和克 (納米比亞)
+1 hr 15:04:23
[08:04:23]
--- 16:25:41
[09:25:41]
--- 17:58:23
[10:58:23]
42.9° 53.5° 0.477 0.363 ---
Gaborone (Botswana)
哈博羅內 (博茨瓦納)
+2 hr 15:23:37
[09:23:37]
--- 16:54:04
[10:54:04]
--- 18:30:59
[12:30:59]
51.6° 34.1° 0.507 0.395 ---
Lusaka (Zambia)
盧薩卡 (贊比亞)
+2 hr 15:03:41
[09:03:41]
--- 16:45:36
[10:45:36]
--- 18:36:33
[12:36:33]
59.1° 42.0° 0.743 0.671 ---
Lilongwe (Malawi)
里朗威 (馬拉維)
+2 hr 15:11:46
[09:11:46]
--- 17:00:15
[11:00:15]
--- 18:52:40
[12:52:40]
65.3° 27.3° 0.847 0.799 ---
Johannesburg (S Africa)
約翰內斯堡 (南非)
+2 hr 15:31:21
[09:31:21]
--- 17:02:18
[11:02:18]
--- 18:37:44
[12:37:44]
52.2° 27.3° 0.496 0.384 ---
Cape Town (S Africa)
開普敦 (南非)
+2 hr 15:43:18
[09:43:18]
--- 16:48:28
[10:48:28]
--- 17:58:20
[11:58:20]
39.6° 39.2° 0.258 0.150 ---
Harare (Zimbabwe)
哈拉雷 (津巴布韋)
+2 hr 15:14:38
[09:14:38]
--- 16:58:21
[10:58:21]
--- 18:47:18
[12:47:18]
60.5° 29.9° 0.720 0.642 ---
Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)
達累斯薩拉姆 (坦桑尼亞)
+3 hr 15:12:55
[10:12:55]
--- 17:04:31
[12:04:31]
--- 18:56:34
[13:56:34]
74.4° 17.1° 0.866 0.822 ---
Kampala (Uganda)
坎帕拉 (烏干達)
+3 hr 14:49:08
[09:49:08]
--- 16:31:44
[11:31:44]
--- 18:24:10
[13:24:10]
69.1° 67.7° 0.773 0.708 ---
Gulu (Uganda)
古盧 (烏干達)
+3 hr 14:47:22
[09:47:22]
--- 16:27:04
[11:27:04]
--- 18:17:02
[13:17:02]
68.5° 74.9° 0.709 0.630 ---
Bujumbura (Burundi)
布松布拉 (布隆迪)
+2 hr 14:45:31
[08:45:31]
--- 16:28:16
[10:28:16]
--- 18:23:19
[12:23:19]
63.8° 63.9° 0.911 0.877 ---
Nairobi (Kenya)
內羅畢 (肯尼亞)
+3 hr 15:00:28
[10:00:28]
--- 16:47:00
[11:47:00]
--- 18:38:41
[13:38:41]
75.3° 50.4° 0.759 0.691 ---
Mogadishu (Somalia)
摩加迪沙 (索馬里)
+3 hr 15:25:08
[10:25:08]
--- 17:06:31
[12:06:31]
--- 18:45:47
[13:45:47]
83.7° 341.5° 0.538 0.430 ---
N'Djamena (Chad)
恩賈梅納 (乍得)
+1 hr 14:23:48
[07:23:48]
--- 15:39:23
[08:39:23]
--- 17:08:12
[10:08:12]
40.6° 89.7° 0.567 0.462 ---
Bangui (Central African Rep)
斑吉 (中非共和國)
+1 hr 14:24:34
[07:24:34]
--- 15:51:18
[08:51:18]
--- 17:34:55
[10:34:55]
46.5° 82.9° 0.782 0.718 ---
Juba (S Sudan)
朱巴 (南蘇丹)
+3 hr 14:45:28
[09:45:28]
--- 16:22:06
[11:22:06]
--- 18:09:29
[13:09:29]
67.1° 80.7° 0.660 0.571 ---
Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
亞的斯亞貝巴 (埃塞俄比亞)
+3 hr 15:05:08
[10:05:08]
--- 16:35:31
[11:35:31]
--- 18:10:38
[13:10:38]
77.7° 93.6° 0.453 0.338 ---
Sana'a (Yemen)
薩娜 (也門)
+3 hr 15:34:51
[10:34:51]
--- 16:40:57
[11:40:57]
--- 17:48:16
[12:48:16]
80.9° 142.8° 0.203 0.106 ---
Khartoum (Sudan)
喀土穆 (蘇丹)
+3 hr 14:56:14
[09:56:14]
--- 16:11:35
[11:11:35]
--- 17:33:46
[12:33:46]
64.8° 104.6° 0.342 0.226 ---
Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)
吉達 (沙特阿拉伯)
+3 hr 15:36:05
[10:36:05]
--- 16:21:14
[11:21:14]
--- 17:07:51
[12:07:51]
69.9° 129.7° 0.099 0.037 ---
Antananarivo (Madagascar)
安塔那那利佛 (馬達加斯加)
+3 hr 15:57:02
[10:57:02]
--- 17:48:18
[12:48:18]
--- 19:29:13
[14:29:13]
59.4° 330.6° 0.933 0.904 ---
Toamasina (Madagascar)
圖阿馬西納 (馬達加斯加)
+3 hr 16:01:00
[11:01:00]
17:50:45 A
[12:50:45 A]
17:52:13
[12:52:13]
17:53:41 A
[12:53:41 A]
19:31:56
[14:31:56]
58.6° 325.1° 0.972 0.945 2 min 56 sec
Saint-Denis (Reunion)
聖但尼 (留尼旺)
+4 hr 16:22:52
[12:22:52]
--- 18:09:31
[14:09:31]
--- 19:42:24
[15:42:24]
50.2° 313.7° 0.969 0.941 ---

Notes 備註 :

  1. A solar eclipse always starts as partial eclipse starts or at sunrise, and always ends as partial eclipse finishes or at sunset. 日食必會於日出或初虧時開始,而於日落或復圓時結束。
  2. Time of maximum eclipse is not shown if an observer at that location can only see less than half of the eclipse; such places must experience maximum eclipse at sunrise or sunset. 如某地只見到少於一半日食過程,食甚時間必為日出或日落,因此不再另外顯示。
  3. For each time, the first line refers to HKT and the second line local time; daylight saving has been accounted for. 首行時間為香港時間;次行時間為當地時間 (已包含日光節約時間)
  4. Abbreviations: "R" = Sunrise; "A" = Annular eclipse; "T" = Total eclipse; "S" = Sunset. 縮寫 : "R" = 日出; "A" = 環食; "T" = 全食; "S" = 日落。
  5. Central eclipse refers to totality or annularity. 中心食即全食或環食階段。

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Future solar eclipses 未來日食

Solar eclipses in the next five years (click on the date to see the eclipse path):

未來五年的日食資料 (請按下日期以觀看日食路徑) :

Date (UTC)
日期 (世界協調時)
Eclipse type
日食類型
Eclipse type at HK
香港可見日食類型
Magnitude at HK and time
香港可見食分及(香港)時間
2017/02/26 Annular 日環食 --- ---
2017/08/21 Total 日全食 --- ---
2018/02/15 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2018/07/13 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2018/08/11 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2019/01/06 Partial 日偏食 --- ---
2019/07/02 Total 日全食 --- ---
2019/12/26 Annular 日環食 Partial 日偏食 0.462 ; 13:55 HKT
2020/06/21 Annular 日環食 Partial 日偏食 0.891 ; 16:08 HKT
2020/12/14 Total 日全食 --- ---
2021/06/10 Annular 日環食 --- ---

The next solar eclipse visible in Hong Kong occurs in late 2019, and a partial eclipse of very high magnitude will take place in 2020.

下一次於香港能見到的日食會於 2019 年底發生,而 2020 年更將有一次大食分的日偏食。

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Solar eclipse knowledge, figures and Q&A 日食知識、數字和問答

The following links open in new windows. 以下連結於新頁開啟。

Solar eclipse calculator 日食計算機

Our site now features a solar eclipse calculator that allows user to compute eclipse visibility information for any place on Earth. Please click on the link below to use this utility. 本站現已設立一日食計算機,各位可利用它來計算出地球上某地可觀看的日食資料。請按以下連結以使用該計算機。

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Eclipse times and information are based on Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC. NASA's solar eclipse page: here.

Last Accessed 最近訪問日期: Sat Sep 19 2020 17:37:02 HKT
Last Modified 最近修訂日期: Fri Sep 02 2016

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