1月份 :: January 5日 / 5th: 大嶼山以南的珠海市香洲區海域發生 3.4 級地震，天文台接獲超過 1,200 名市民報告有感，於本地的烈度為修訂麥加利地震烈度表的第 IV 度。A magnitude 3.4 earthquake occurred in the Xiangzhou District of Zhuhai city, just south of Lantau Island. The HK Observatory received more than 1,200 reports of felt tremor; the local intensity was IV on the Modified Mercalli scale. 12日 / 12th: 位於菲律賓的塔阿爾火山爆發，火山灰影響馬尼拉等城市，航班及日常生活受影響。The Taal Volcano in the Philippines erupted, sending ashes towards Manila and nearby cities. Flights were suspended and the daily lives of the residents were disrupted. 24日 / 24th: 土耳其東部埃拉澤省發生 6.7 級地震，造成 41 人死亡，超過 1,600 人受傷。A magnitude 6.7 earthquake occurred in the eastern Turkish province of Elazig, killing 41 and injuring more than 1,600. 1月 / Jan: 印尼首都雅加達及巴西東南部分別於 1 月 1 日及 1 月中下旬出現水災，造成最少 66 及 70 人死亡。Floods in Jakarta, Indonesia on January 1 and in southeastern Brazil since mid-January killed at least 66 and 70, respectively. 2月份 :: February 13日 / 13th: 受高空擾動影響，香港早上有雷雨，天文台發出黃色暴雨警告，是歷來第二早。Affected by an upper-air disturbance, there were some stormy showers in Hong Kong in the morning. The Amber Rainstorm Warning was issued, which was the second earliest in the year on record. 15日 / 15th: 風暴丹尼斯侵襲英國、挪威及瑞典等地，它在冰島以南時最低中心氣壓約為 920 百帕，為有紀錄以來其中一個最強的溫帶氣旋。Storm Dennis struck the UK, Norway, Sweden and some other European countries. It reached an estimated minimum central pressure of 920 hPa south of Iceland, and was one of the strongest extratropical cyclones in recorded history. 3月份 :: March 2至3日 / 2nd to 3rd: 美國田納西州遭受多個龍捲風連環吹襲，共造成 25 人死亡。其中一個龍捲風吹正該州首府納什維爾，在美國歷史上造成最大損失的龍捲風中排行第 6。A tornado outbreak affected the US state of Tennessee, leading to 25 deaths. One of the tornados struck the state capital Nashville, and was the 6th costliest tornado in US history. 4月份 :: April 4月初 / Early Apr: 熱帶氣旋 Harold 成為自 2015 年以來登陸瓦努阿圖的最強風暴，此前渡輪 MV Taimareho 遇上與 Harold 相關的巨浪及大風，27 人被拋進海中。Tropical cyclone Harold became the strongest storm since 2015 to hit Vanuatu. Prior to its landfall, 27 passengers on the ferry MV Taimareho were thrown overboard by the waves and high winds associated with Harold. 5月份 :: May 20日 / 20th: 熱帶氣旋 Amphan 登陸印度東部，該地及孟加拉受災嚴重，造成超過 100 人死亡，經濟損失達破北印度洋紀錄的 130 億美元。Tropical cyclone Amphan made landfall in eastern India, inflicting severe damage there and in Bangladesh. More than 100 people were killed, and economic losses reached a record-breaking 13 billion US dollars in the North Indian Ocean. 30日 / 30th: 美國太空探索技術公司 SpaceX 載人天龍號太空船在甘迺迪太空中心成功發射，將兩名太空人送往國際太空站。這是自 2011 年來美國首次於國內將人送上太空。American space technology company SpaceX launched the Crew Dragon spacecraft, sending two astronauts to the International Space Station from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. This was the first manned mission launched from within the United States since 2011. 6月份 :: June 6至8日 / 6th to 8th: 受低壓槽影響，香港連日天氣不穩定，有大雨及雷暴，多區三天共錄得 250 毫米雨量。天文台於 6 月 6 日發出三年來首個黑色暴雨警告，而 6 月 8 日機場附近出現水龍捲。Affected by a trough of low pressure, the weather in Hong Kong was unstable with heavy rain and thunderstorms. More than 250 mm of rainfall was recorded in many places over the three days. The HK Observatory issued the first Black Rainstorm Warning in three years on June 6. A waterspout was spotted near the airport on June 8. 20日 / 20th: 受熱浪侵襲，位於西伯利亞的上揚斯基錄得 38 度的高溫，如被核實的話將打破北極圈內的高溫紀錄。A temperature of 38 degrees was recorded at Verkhoyansk in Siberia amidst a heatwave. If verified, this would break the maximum temperature record within the arctic circle. 21日 / 21st: 非洲東部、華南及台灣等地出現日環食。由於香港頗為接近環食帶，當天下午可見食分達 0.89 的日偏食，至 2070 年前亦不會再有食分如此大的日食重臨。日食期間天文台氣溫下跌約 2 度，食甚時紫外線指數曾降至 0.4。An annular solar eclipse was visible in areas such as eastern Africa, southern China and Taiwan. As Hong Kong was situated quite close to the path of annularity, a partial eclipse of magnitude 0.89 could be observed in the afternoon. Another eclipse with such a large magnitude would not be visible locally until 2070. The HK Observatory recorded a 2-degree drop in temperature during the eclipse, and the ultraviolet index dropped to 0.4 at maximum eclipse. 23日 / 23rd: 墨西哥瓦哈卡州發生 7.4 級地震，共 10 人死亡，23 人受傷。A magnitude 7.4 earthquake occurred in Oaxaca, Mexico. 10 people were killed and 23 were injured. 7月份 :: July 6至7月 / Jun to Jul: 梅雨鋒自 6 月長期徘徊長江流域，該區持續降雨並造成水災。截至 7 月下旬，官方統計超過 150 人死亡及失蹤，經濟損失超過 1,400 億人民幣。7 月上旬日本九州亦受大雨影響，超過 70 人死亡。Affected by a persistent stationary front, heavy rain caused widespread floods in the Yangtze basin. Official numbers as of late July indicated that more than 150 were dead or missing, and the economic damage amounted to more than 140 billion yuan. Kyushu, Japan was also affected by heavy rains in early July, with more than 70 deaths. 24日 / 24th: 台北錄得 39.7 度氣溫，是該站 124 年來的最高溫度，亦平了全台灣的第三高紀錄。A temperature of 39.7 degrees was recorded at Taipei, the highest in 124 years. This was also the third highest temperature reading over Taiwan. 31日 / 31st: 位於南海的季風低壓增強為熱帶低氣壓，天文台發出三號強風信號，取代當時正在生效的強烈季候風信號，是自 1993 年以來首次。該低壓其後增強為熱帶風暴森拉克並趨向海南南部及越南北部。A monsoon depression intensified into a tropical depression in the South China Sea. The HK Observatory replaced the Strong Monsoon Signal then in force by the #3 Strong Wind Signal, the first such transition since 1993. The depression later intensified into tropical storm Sinlaku and moved towards southern Hainan and northern Vietnam. 7月 / Jul: 由於副熱帶高壓脊持續盤據西北太平洋，該區整月未有熱帶氣旋被命名，為史上首次。Due to the persistent dominance of the subtropical ridge over the northwest Pacific, there was no named tropical cyclone in the basin during the whole month. This was the first such occurrence in history. 8月份 :: August 16日 / 16th: 美國加州的死亡谷錄得高溫 54.4 度，如被核實的話將為地球上有可靠儀器以來錄得的最高溫度。A temperature of 54.4 degrees was recorded at Death Valley in the US state of California. If verified, this would be the highest reliably measured temperature anywhere on Earth. 19日 / 19th: 熱帶氣旋海高斯橫過南海北部，於登陸珠海前增強為颱風並吹襲珠江口，香港天文台於凌晨發出九號烈風或暴風風力增強信號，而澳門更一度發出十號風球，三條大橋均錄得持續颶風風速。Tropical cyclone Higos traversed northern South China Sea. It intensified into a typhoon and struck the Pearl River Estuary before making landfall in Zhuhai. The HK Observatory issued the #9 Increasing Gale or Storm Signal in the small hours, while the #10 Hurricane Signal was briefly in force at Macau. All three major bridges there recorded sustained hurricane force winds. 27日 / 27th: 四級颶風 Laura 登陸美國路易斯安那州，是自 1856 年來登陸該州的最強風暴。Laura 於美國及安地列斯群島共造成 77 人死亡，經濟損失超過 160 億美元。Category 4 hurricane Laura made landfall in the US state of Louisiana as the strongest storm there since 1856. 77 lives were lost in the US and the Antilles, and economic losses reached 16 billion US dollars. 8月 / Aug: 美國加州山火不斷，情況於 8 月尤為嚴重，由 8 月 16 至 17 日的閃電導致的山火影響範圍達 40 萬公頃。The ongoing wildfires in the US state of California reached its peak intensity in August. Fires sparked by lightning strikes on August 16-17 burned more than 400,000 hectares of land. 9月份 :: September 8月底至9月初 / Late Aug to early Sep: 熱帶氣旋巴威、美莎克及海神接連靠近朝鮮半島，兩韓受災嚴重。Tropical cyclones Bavi, Maysak and Haishen approached the Korean Peninsula in quick succession, causing severe damage in both South and North Korea. 18日 / 18th: 位於地中海的氣旋 Ianos 登陸希臘，登陸時風速約為每小時 120 公里，亦有近似風眼的結構。Cyclone Ianos in the Mediterranean Sea made landfall in Greece, with estimated winds of around 120 km/h. Ianos acquired an eye-like feature at landfall. 23日 / 23rd: 世界氣象組織確認北半球的低溫紀錄為格陵蘭於 1991 年 12 月 22 日錄得的 -69.6 度，超越先前於俄羅斯上揚斯基及奧伊米亞康錄得的 -67.8 度。The World Meteorological Organization verified the temperature of -69.6 degrees recorded in Greenland on December 22, 1991 as the coldest ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere, surpassing the previous record of -67.8 degrees recorded in the Russian towns of Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon. 9月底 / Late Sep: 本港 9 月底天氣不穩定，其中 9 月 25 日機場有龍捲風報告，而 30 日晚上的大雨令天文台發出本年第二個黑色暴雨警告。The weather in Hong Kong was unstable towards the end of September. A tornado was spotted at the airport on September 25, while the heavy rain in the night of September 30 necessitated the second Black Rainstorm Warning this year. 10月份 :: October 13日 / 13th: 熱帶氣旋浪卡橫過南海，雖然距港超過 400 公里，但由於有東北季候風疊加影響，天文台發出八號烈風或暴風信號，該信號於當天整段日間時間生效。Tropical cyclone Nangka crossed the South China Sea. Although it maintained a distance of over 400 km from Hong Kong, the HK Observatory issued the #8 Gale or Storm Signal due to the combined effects of the storm and the northeast monsoon. The #8 Signal remained in force throughout daytime. 30日 / 30th: 愛琴海東部、希臘薩摩斯島附近發生 7.0 級地震，土耳其西部廣泛有感，造成接近 120 人死亡，超過 1,000 人受傷。A magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred in eastern Aegean Sea, near the Greek island of Samos. The tremor was widely felt in western Turkey. Almost 120 people died in the incident, while more than 1,000 were injured. 10至11月 / Oct to Nov: 受季候風及熱帶氣旋蓮花、浪卡、沙德爾、莫拉菲、天鵝、艾濤及環高登陸或靠近影響，越南中部及柬埔寨於 10 至 11 月發生水災，超過 200 人死亡。Affected by the monsoon and successive approaches of tropical cyclones Linfa, Nangka, Saudel, Molave, Goni, Etau and Vamco, floods occurred in central Vietnam and Cambodia in October and November, leading to at least 200 deaths. 11月份 :: November 1日 / 1st: 熱帶氣旋天鵝以相當於五級超級颱風的巔峰強度登陸菲律賓東部，聯合颱風警報中心估計其強度達 170 節，與 2013 年熱帶氣旋海燕看齊。天鵝於菲律賓造成嚴重破壞，亦加劇越南的水災。Tropical cyclone Goni made landfall in eastern Philippines as a category-5 equivalent super typhoon. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center estimated its wind speed as 170 knots, tying with tropical cyclone Haiyan in 2013. Goni inflicted severe damage in the Philippines and exacerbated the floods in Vietnam. 11月初至中 / Early to mid Nov: 尼加拉瓜及洪都拉斯先後受四級颶風 Eta 及五級颶風 Iota 侵襲，其中 Eta 於加勒比海及墨西哥灣徘徊多時，繼而趨向美國佛羅里達州。兩氣旋於中北美洲共造成超過 400 人死亡及失蹤，估計經濟損失達 90 億美元。Hurricanes Eta (category 4) and Iota (category 5) impacted Nicaragua and Honduras in quick succession. In particular, Eta lingered around the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico for a long time, before finally moving towards Florida, US. More than 400 people died or went missing in North and Central America due to the two storms. The economic damage was estimated to be in excess of 9 billion US dollars. 19日 / 19th: 位於波多黎各的阿雷西博天文台於運作 57 年後退役，該望遠鏡的接收器其後於 12 月 1 日墜落並砸毀反射盤。The Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico was decommissioned after 57 years in service. Shortly after, the telescope's receiver collapsed into and destroyed the reflector dish on December 1. 24日 / 24th: 中國的月球探測器嫦娥五號發射升空，其後於月球表面進行採樣，並於 12 月 17 日返回地球，令中國成為繼美國及前蘇聯後第三個成功於月球採樣的國家。China's Chang'e 5 spacecraft was launched. It later collected lunar samples and returned to the Earth on December 17. China thus became the third country to be able to return samples collected from the Moon, after the United States and the former Soviet Union. 12月份 :: December 10日 / 10th: 台灣宜蘭近岸海域發生 6.4 級地震，全島普遍有感，香港天文台亦接獲超過 10 名市民報告，是次地震於香港的烈度為修訂麥加利地震烈度表的第 III 度。A magnitude 6.4 earthquake occurred near the coast of Yilan, Taiwan. The quake was generally felt over the island, and in Hong Kong more than 10 reports of felt tremor were received. The earthquake was estimated to have an intensity of III on the Modified Mercalli scale in Hong Kong. 17日 / 17th: 熱帶氣旋 Yasa 增強為五級強度後稍為減弱並登陸斐濟，該國受災嚴重，多處停水停電且通訊中斷，至少 4 人死亡。Tropical cyclone Yasa weakened slightly after strengthening into category 5, and seriously impacted Fiji with access to water, electricity and communication cut off in many areas. At least 4 people were killed. 21日 / 21st: 本月出現土星合木星的天文現象，全球各地於日落後可看到土星及木星幾乎重疊，兩者於 12 月 21 日只有 6 角分的距離，是自 1623 年以來最接近的一次。The astronomical event Jupiter-Saturn conjunction was visible in December. The two planets appeared to be very close to each other as seen from the Earth after sunset. The angular distance between Jupiter and Saturn was 6 arcminutes on December 21, the closest since 1623. 23日 / 23rd: 青海省日出前出現「火流星」現象，一顆小行星於空中燃燒並發出巨大的光芒，黑夜被照亮至猶如白晝一樣。該星體最後於囊謙縣著陸，是自 2013 年俄羅斯車里雅賓斯克的隕石墜落以來最大規模的一次著陸。A bolide was observed in the Qinghai province before sunrise. The sky was lit up to as bright as daytime while the asteroid burned in the atmosphere. The object eventually landed in Nangqen county. It was the largest landfalling event since the one in Chelyabinsk, Russia in 2013. 31日 / 31st: 一股強烈寒潮影響華南，香港天文台氣溫下降至全年最低的 8.1 度，是自 2018 年 2 月以來氣溫首次跌穿 10 度，而凌晨大帽山溫度曾下降至冰點以下。A strong cold surge affected southern China. The mercury at the HK Observatory dipped to 8.1 degrees, the lowest this year. This was also the first time that the temperature fell to a single digit since February 2018. The temperature at Tai Mo Shan was below the freezing point in the small hours. 跨月份事件 :: Events involving multiple months 香港多個月份氣溫較正常高，其中冬季 (2019 年 12 月至 2020 年 2 月) 的平均高溫 21.5 度，夏季 (6 至 8 月) 的平均高溫 32.6 度、平均氣溫 29.6 度及平均低溫 27.7 度，以及秋季 (9 至 11 月) 的平均高溫 26.4 度均為歷來最高。此外，由於副熱帶高壓脊長期盤據華南，7 月成為有紀錄以來最熱的月份，該月平均溫度為 30.2 度。全年酷熱 (高溫達 33 度) 及熱夜 (低溫達 28 度) 日數分別為 47 及 50 天，均打破紀錄。Temperatures in various months were warmer than usual in Hong Kong. The mean maximum temperature of 21.5 degrees in winter (Dec 2019 to Feb 2020), mean max/average/min temperatures of 32.6/29.6/27.7 degrees in summer (Jun to Aug), mean maximum temperature of 26.4 degrees in autumn (Sep to Nov) were all the highest on record. In addition, due to the dominance of the subtropical ridge in southern China, July became the hottest month on record with a mean temperature of 30.2 degrees. There were 47 very hot days (max temperature reaching 33 degrees) and 50 hot nights (min temperature reaching 28 degrees) in the year, breaking their respective records. 其他 :: Others 其他 (請註明。你不需要填寫全部三個空格；請留空未用盡的格子。注意這裡每一個已填寫的空格將分別計進總數內，例如若你在此填寫2個空格，你將只可以剔選其餘11件事件) :: Others (Please specify. You don't need to fill in all three text boxes; just leave unanswered cells blank. Note that filled boxes here are counted individually towards the total number of events selected, e.g. if you fill in 2 blanks here, you can choose only 11 more events from the list.) 1. 2. 3.